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惠州市2019届高三第二次调研考试英语试题与答案           ★★★
惠州市2019届高三第二次调研考试英语试题与答案
作者:佚名 文章来源:网络 点击数: 更新时间:2018/10/30 12:16:39

惠州市2019届高三第二次调研考试
英    语
                                 
                                                        2018.10
   本试卷分选择题和非选择题两部分。满分120分(最终成绩按总分135分进
行折算),考试用时120分钟。
注意事项:
    1. 本试卷分第Ⅰ卷(选择题)和第Ⅱ卷(非选择题)两部分。
    2. 答题前,考生务必将自己的姓名,准考证号填写在答题卡相应的位置。
    3. 全部答案应在答题卡上完成,答在本试卷上无效。
    4. 考试结束后,将答题卡交回。
 第I卷
第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)
第一节 (共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)
阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
A
Feeling hungry but don’t have the time to get in line for food? Why not just grab and go? Here are the best places for takeout in this city. Try choosing your takeaway food by referring to the following feedbacks from the customers:
New Garden: Shop 6A, G/F, Sen Fat Bldg, 6 Bonham Strand
Rileen Chua: Beef egg toasted sandwich! Good for takeaway as u skip the queue! So time-saving!
Chris Chua: Must order their sandwiches and red bean ice! Classic!
Fuyuhiko Takaya: English service available. My favorite Chinese-Western fusion restaurant!
Pololi: 35-39 Graham Street (Hollywood Road)
Max Lmn: Great healthy takeaway spot!
Alfonso Castillo: Loved the food. Very healthy and not so expensive. I would recommend it to be taken away rather than actually eat there. 11:30 all the way to 02:00, good for late night snacks!
Will C: Friendly staff, well knowledge of their products and offer samples to try. Had the avocado spicy tuna, wasabi Mayo and salad. If you like fresh healthy food, you won't be disappointed.
Feast (Food by EAST): 1/F, EAST, Hong Kong, 29 Taikoo Shing Rd
Shari McCullough: The to-go counter is great for picking up a fresh, yummy salad or sandwich for takeaway.
Berla King: Cupcakes turned out to be the densest and heaviest ever. Suggest you pass on the takeaway counter for more desserts. Closes at 21:00.
La Rotisserie: Shop B, G/F, Manhattan Avenue, 25 Queen's Rd C, Sheung Wan
Bart Verkoeijen: It's for takeaway or on the go only. You get the chicken wrapped in aluminum foil, and it is still hot after 15 minutes. Opens 14:00 – 23:00.
John Chew: It is a great lunch takeaway. I love the chicken with pasta. People are crazy about its chocolate cake which I will have to try one of these days.
Tink Wong: Yummy! Probably not the healthiest but the potatoes were delicious. The chicken was juicy and very well-seasoned. Will go back for sure! Tea set is worth every dollar.
Click “more” if you want other recommendations. Treat yourself!
21. Who is this passage intended for?
A. People who don’t want to wait for food.         
B. People who are hungry.
C. People who are too lazy to go out eating.        
D. People who are particular about food.
22. What made New Garden special among the best places for takeaway?
A. Customers can experience different food cultures.  
B. It only offers takeaway food.
C. Only fresh healthy food is served.             
D. Customers can enjoy excellent service.
23.You can go to________ to choose fresh healthy food at 22:00.
A. New Garden         B. Pololi         C. Feast         D. La Rotisserie
                                         B
I realized something this morning. I have been writing now for 34 years. It all started when I was just 18 years old. As a boy I had read literally(毫不夸张地)hundreds of books. I had a thirst for knowledge that seemingly could never fade. Then suddenly I found I had something I wanted to share. I tried to ignore it, but as any writer will tell you once the ideas awaken inside of you they won't leave you alone until you write them down. I didn't have a computer, word processor, or even a typewriter. Still, I grabbed a pen and lined notebook paper and wrote everything that was burning inside of me.
When I was done I didn't know how to share it. There was no internet back then, no smart phones, and no social media. I sought out the editor of my local county newspaper and asked him to print what I had written. He was a good man full of both wisdom and kindness. He not only printed my first story but agreed to publish anything else I was willing to write. I continued to write new articles each week and shared them first with other local papers and later online as well. Years later at the urging of my readers I even self-published two collections of my stories in book form.
Through my writing I slowly became more than I was. In my writings I encountered my highest self. In my writings I discovered the goodness and light that lies in us all. In my writings I found great love and joy and encouraged others to choose love and joy as well. I also found that we all are writers whether we put pen to paper or not. With every choice we make, with every thought we hold, and with everything we do we are writing our own life story.
Lance Wubbels once wrote: "I hope you realize your life is truly your life. It belongs to you. It is your story to write with love. Day by day, line by line, write it well."
24. As a boy, when the author found he had something to share, ________.
A. he wrote it down                        
B. he ignored it
C. he shared it on social media               
D. he told it to a writer
25. How did the author begin his writing career?
A. He was hired as a newspaper editor.        
B. He put his stories online by himself.
C. He self-published two books.             
D. He was helped by a local newspaper editor.
26. What does the author think of writing?
    A. Writing takes practice and efforts.         
B. Writing can benefit oneself and others.
    C. Writing helps people tell right from wrong. 
D. Only with a pen can one write his life story.    
27. Which of the following can be the best title for the text?  
A. A Way to be a Writer   
B. A Way to Share Ideas
C. Living is Writing                      
D. Writing is the Source of Love
                                          C
Do you find it difficult to put down your mobile phone?
If yes, you're not alone. These days, many people suffer from the stress of FOMO (fear of missing out). They reach for their mobile phones when they wake up in the morning, and for the rest of the day, they constantly scroll down the timelines of their social media apps to get the latest updates.
Despite the convenience smartphones bring, many people struggle with their digital habits.
As Sameer Samat, US tech company vice president of product management, said in his speech at the 2018 Google I/O developer conference on May 8, 70% of people don’t want to spend so much time on their phones.
This is why during the conference Google introduced an app called Dashboard for the new version of its Android operating system. This new app includes well-being functions that aim to help users manage the time they spend on their digital devices.
It all starts with a bird’s-eye view. Dashboard allows users to look at all the details of their phone habits. For example, users can see how many times they’ve unlocked their phone and how many times they’ve checked their social media apps, as well as how much time they spend on each app every day.
Once the users see this information, they'll be able to make some changes. With the App Timer functions, users can set a time limit for how long they can use each app for every day. After they've hit the limit,they won't be able to launch the app until the next day.
But even if users become more mindful of their usage, they’re still likely to be drawn in by notifications (通知). This is where the Shush feature comes in. It automatically silences incoming calls and notifications when a user puts his/her phone face down.
If people truly want to make full use of their free time instead of losing hours using their smartphones, these new functions are just one way of doing that.
After all, who needs to use an app to stop you from using other apps when the easiest answer would be just to use your willpower?
28. People under the pressure of FOMO may________.
A. have trouble with their sleep         
B. find it hard to focus on anything
C. be addicted to their mobile phones    
D. prefer to download the latest apps
29. What inspires Google to launch Dashboard?
A.The limited functions of current Android system.     
B. People’s complaint about their smartphones.
C. Samat’s impressive speech at a conference.         
D. Mobilephone users’ great demand.
30. ________ can track users’ phone habits in detail.
A. Android        B. Timer        C. Shush       D. Dashboard
31. What can be learned from the passage?
A. Dashboard turned out to be popular.   
B. Dashboard is a perfect choice to manage time properly.
   C. Strong willpower is the easiest way to avoid smartphone addiction.
   D. People are exploring other ways to stop overusing smartphones.
                                         D
Wild animals are known to listen to each other for warnings that predators are near. Some birds, for example, flee when neighbors make a loud noise to announce a snake's presence.
The fairy wren is a small Australian songbird. It is not born knowing the "languages" of other birds. But recent research says it can learn the meaning of a few important sounds.
Andrew Radford is a biologist at the University of Bristol in England and co-writer of the new report published in early August in the journal Current Biology. He told the Associated Press, "We knew before that some animals can translate the meanings of other species' ‘foreign languages,' but we did not know how that ‘language learning' came about."
Birds have several ways of learning life skills. Some knowledge is genetically passed down by their parents and some comes from direct experience with the world. But Radford and other scientists are exploring a third kind of knowledge: information from fellows.
Radford and researchers at the Australian National University carried out the study in the country's National Botanic Gardens in Canberra.They attached to their bodies specially-designed, sound-producing equipment called "tweeter speakers." They wanted to see if fairy wrens would react to sounds of other birds even if they could not see them.
The scientists first played the birds two recorded sounds that they likely had never heard before. One was a warning cry of a thornbill, a bird not native to Australia. The other was a computer-generated bird sound called "buzz."
When the 16 fairy wrens in the study first heard the sounds, they had no special reaction. The scientists then tried to train half of the birds to recognize the thornbill's cry as a warning sound. They tried to train the other half to recognize the computer-generated "buzz" as a warning call.
After three days, the scientists tested what the birds had learned — and their students passed the test. The fairy wrens trained with the thornbill's cry, fled when they heard it. The group trained with the buzz, fled when they heard that sound. Neither group reacted to the sound taught to the other.
32. What does the underlined word “predators” in the first paragraph mean?
A. enemies         B. neighbors         C. birds         D. snakes
33. Which is the right order of the experiment?
    a. The fairy wrens were divided into two parts.
b. The fairy wrens made no reaction to the strange sounds.
c. The fairy wrens wore sound-providing equipment.
d. The fairy wrens were trained separately.
e. The fairy wrens passed the test successfully.
A. a b c d e           B. c b a d e         C. c e b a d        D. a c e d b
34. It can be learned from the study that the fairy wrens _______.
A. were not good “foreign language” learners     
B. made no reaction to the sounds all the time          
C. took both of the sounds as warnings           
D. fled when hearing the sound trained with
35. The passage is probably taken from________.
A. A biology textbook                        B. A science magazine  
C. A science fiction                          D. A wildlife brochure
第二节 (共5小题,每小题2分,满分10分)
根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。
  Gratitude is not only an art performed in daily life, but also part of our traditional virtue. Has your mother or friend told you that you’re an ungrateful person? Do you feel unable to appreciate the world or people around you? Are you obsessed with things you don’t have instead of being thankful for what you do have?     36    then you will definitely need to work on being a more grateful person.
    Showing gratitude has been put forward in the last few decades.    37     But there are still some tips that help make it possible for you to practice gratitude.
  Refusing to play the victim is the first step you’re supposed to take.     38     If you want to be grateful, stop complaining the world, your teachers, your friends and your family about not putting themselves in your shoes, and focus on how much they’ve helped and cared about you.
    Volunteering in your community is another effective way to show how grateful you are for what the world has given you. Whether you’re helping clean up a local park, working in a soup kitchen, or teaching children or adults in your community to learn to read, your perspective towards life will change positively.     39   
    40     You shouldn’t always be good only to your close friends or family members. You can help a neighbor look for a lost dog. You can also help an old lady carry her grocery. You don’t have to search for these opportunities purposely. Sometimes they will present themselves. So when they come, act with generosity. You’ll be more grateful for your role played in the world.
A. However hard you try to avoid these questions
B. If you find yourself involved in one of these circumstances
C. Gradually, you’ll be more grateful for the chances to repay the society
D.  Doing a random act of kindness is also a great way of practicing gratitude.
E. While such encouragement is morally meaningful,it seems to be a little abstract.
F. Ungrateful persons are always blaming the world for the problems and owing all the faults to others
G. When you reflect on your thoughts, feelings, emotions and actions, you are actually
reflecting on your values.
第三部分  英语知识运用(共两节, 满分45分)
第一节 完形填空(共20 小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)
阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A, B, C, D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 
I was frustrated at not being entered into the national IT competition I’d applied for. I sat in the car, lost in     41    , chewing my lip and staring outside.
I went upstairs,   42   and desperate. Grandpa’s door was open for me as usual. There, he was waiting for my   43   with great excitement. I stood silently, forcing a   44   to cover my sadness. He seemed to   45  me immediately, giving me a      46    . I was astonished that such a    47   body was full of so much energy.
Only then did my emotions start     48   out. I told him that all my    49   were for nothing, and that I was feeling discouraged. Grandpa smiled at me    50   and said, “Don’t worry. You’re far stronger than you think.” Then he     51   , “Life can be full of ups and downs so what we need do is to still have our hopes and    52   , neglecting the anxiety that makes it easy to give up.”
He    53   me on the shoulder, with a determined look, before saying, “Cheer up. I’m firmly    54   that you have the capability to succeed.” Grandpa’s encouragement soon made my sadness    55    .
The next day, I thought about all my problems and    56   a plan. Now, I believe that with a positive attitude towards failure, I’ll    57   reach my goals.
Looking back, I realize that we should share our setbacks and progress in life with our    58   ones. As my grandpa showed, the    59   of our family members will benefit us    60    .
41. A. fear B. despair C. love D. need
42. A. weak B. strong C. sweet D. simple
43. A. suggestion B. comment C. discovery D. arrival
44. A. tear B. sigh C. signal D. smile
45. A. ignore B. inspect C. read D. order
46. A. hug B. pride C. challenge D. wish
47. A. fine B. fit C. thin D. healthy
48. A. dying B. turning C. checking D. pouring
49. A. offers B. efforts C. promises D. profits
50. A. generally B. gently C. suddenly D. freshly
51. A. added B. shared C. helped D. served
52. A. decisions B. respects C. desires D. pains
53. A. patted B. hit C. begged D. picked
54. A. convinced B. believed C. expected D. changed
55. A. arise B. prevent C. continue D. disappear
56. A. turned into B. came across C. cared about D. worked out
57. A. merely B. actually C. eventually D. instantly
58. A. deserved B. beloved C. determined D. excited
59. A. company B. gratitude C. support D. blame
60. A. never B. forever C. however D. wherever
 
第II卷
注意:将答案写在答题卡上。写在本试卷上无效。
第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分)
第二节(共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15分)
阅读下面材料,在空白处填人适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。
One habit of those people who are smarter than everyone else is to stay up late. In movies, the creative genius always works late into the midnight hours by candlelight—and perhaps this style    61    (root) in fact.
 A study    62   experts from the London School of Economics and Science found that people who tend to go to bed later have    63    (high) IQs.    64    study authors believe the root of why this is lies in our evolution—because nighttime was a more dangerous place, and our ancestors who were to stay up instead of going to sleep    65   (need) to be more intelligent. Also,    66   (stay) awake into the night was a new idea    67   was attractive to curious minds.
Today, our varying living rhythms may still reflect this. “Perhaps some smart people stay up later because their internal clocks are    68   (simple) different,” Dr. Wai says. “Or, perhaps they stay up later because they tend to be alone, and like being up late at night without distractions to think and solve their    69   (problem).” But if you are a night owl, still remember    70   ( get) your seven to nine hours of sleep.
第四部分 写作(共两节  满分35)
第一节 短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。
增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号( ),并在其下面写出该加的词。
删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。
修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;
2. 只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。
My pen-pal from the USA come to visit me last week. It was first time that he had been to China and he enjoyed his stay there. I took him to a tea house near my house, there we had a good taste of Chinese tea and learned something about tea culture. Amazing at the tea pots and cups of different shapes, he took some photo of them. Then a young lady came to serve for us. She showed us how to make tea but encouraged us to give it a try. Following his instructions, we found that making good tea was much more than pouring hot water into the tea leaves. We felt happily that we had a good time there.
第二节 书面表达(满分25分)
假定你是李华,你的美国笔友Charlie对中国文化很感兴趣。他和家人将于今年农历春节来中国旅游,请你给他写一封电子邮件,内容包括:
1. 欢迎他们来中国;
2. 旅行前的准备;
注意:
1. 词数100左右;
2. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。
Dear Charlie,

Yours,
Li Hua
 
惠州市2019届高三第二次调研考试英语参考答案
阅读理解:
21—25 AABAD   26—30 BCCDD    31—35 CABDB
阅读七选五:
36—40 BEFCD
完形填空:
41-45 BADDC  46-50 ACDBB  51-55 ACAAD  56-60 DCBCB
语法填空
61 is rooted 62 by 63 higher 64 The  65 needed
66 staying 67 that/which  68 simply 69 problems 70 to get
短文改错:
 
书面表达:(One possible version)
Dear Charlie,
I’m delighted to know you are coming to China with your family during the Chinese Spring Festival, which is a great chance for you to experience Chinese culture personally. Here I am writing to offer you some advice.
It would be a good idea if you could make some preparations before your travel. First of all, learn some simple Chinese, especially the daily expressions, which makes it easier for you to communicate with the locals wherever you go. Besides, to get yourself familiar with some Chinese local customs and traditions may help you behave properly during your stay. What’s more, you can learn how to use chopsticks beforehand so that you can taste different varieties of Chinese food more conveniently.
I hope you will find my advice helpful. Wish you a pleasant journey in China.
Yours,
Li Hua
 



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