1. What does the woman want to eat?
A. Pork pies. B. Beef pies. C. Egg cake.
2. Who could help the woman?
A. Her neighbor. B. Her teacher. C. The man.
3. What will the speakers do first?
A. Have breakfast. B. Watch performances. C. Buy a present.
4. How does the girl feel?
A. Sad. B. Thoughtful. C. Happy.
5. Where does the conversation take place?
A. In an office. B. In a theatre. C. In a restaurant.
第二节 （共15小题；每小题1.5分, 满分22.5分）
6. What are the speakers mainly talking about?
A. A slide. B. A paper box. C. A pile of stones.
7. What will the man probably do next?
A. He will slide first. B. He’ll change his pants. C. He will help Sandy.
8. What is the man?
A. A restaurant manager. B. A tour guide. C. A taxi driver.
9. What is the man mainly doing?
A. Looking for some delicious foods.
B. Showing her around the seaside.
C. Offering information about a hotel.
10. What did the Apple watch do when its wearer’s heart beat faster?
A. It called the doctor.
B. It sent a warning to her.
C. It advised her to work out more.
11. Who will be more interested in Apple watch, according to the man?
A. Senior citizens. B. Young girls. C. Kids.
12. Why does the woman like Fitbit?
A. It is more beautiful.
B. It is cheaper than the others.
C. It’s battery lasts a very long time.
13. What is the relationship between the speakers?
A. Brother and sister. B. Father and daughter. C. Classmates.
14. Where is the most famous monster?
A. In Canada. B. In Scotland. C. In China.
15. When did the university conduct its study?
A. In 1933. B. In 1970. C. In 1985.
16. Who studied biology?
A. The man. B. The man’s father. C. The woman.
17. What does the speaker value most?
A. Hard work. B. Education. C. Family.
18. When did the speaker come to the U.S.?
A. At age five. B. At age ten. C. At age thirty.
19. How does the speaker feel about his mother?
A. He looks up to her.
B. He feels bad for her.
C. He needs money from her.
20. What does the man do for a living?
A. He is a house cleaner.
B. He is a business professor.
C. He is a business owner.
The hottest cities in the world
The locations below are the hottest and also travel destinations on the planet.
According to the data, Bangkok is the hottest city on the planet — not because of any particularly impressive high temperatures, but because it is consistently hot all the year round. The city has an average annual temperature of 29℃, coupled with high dampness and an average of 128 rainy days per year; while the highest temperature on record is 40℃.
Located on the southern edge of the Sahara Desert, the African city of Timbuktu is similar to everything remote. It’s also one of the hottest cities in the world, with a hot, dry climate offering record highs of 49℃. Throughout April, May and June, average maximum temperatures are beyond 40℃. Modern-day Timbuktu is slowly being swallowed by the desert and is certainly a shadow of the trade center that it once was.
Built on the bank of the Karun River, Ahvaz is an industrial city with average highs of around 46℃ during July, its warmest month. The city’s record high is 54℃, making it one of the world’s hottest cities during the summer. Frequent sand and dust storms and an absence of rain from July to September mix with its sky-high temperatures.
The wealthy capital of Kuwait is another competitor for the title of the world’s hottest summertime city with average highs of over 45℃ from June to August. Nightfall brings little respite(缓解), with after-dark low temperatures often over 30℃ during the summer months. Kuwait City’s record high is 52℃, while it rains on an average of just 19 days per year.
21. What is the Bangkok famous for in climate?
A. The highest temperature.
B. The hot weather all year round.
C. The highest annual temperature.
D. The lack of rainfall all year round.
22. Why is Timbuktu no longer a trade center?
A. The small population of Mali.
B. The war lasting for many years.
C. The influence of the Sahara.
D. Its location of the center of a desert.
23. Which city holds the record of the highest temperature?
A. Ahvaz. B. Bangkok. C. Timbuktu. D. Kuwait City.
The other day I was shopping at the local Chinese grocery store. There was a line at the fish counter, but only one staff person was there to take care of the customers. Some customers ordered quite an amount of fish for that staff person to work on. At last I was the second in line: all I wanted was a couple of crabs and should get out of there in no time.
Noticing it was very busy at the fish counter, another staff person came over to help. I was ready to be served, but the staff person went to the end of the line and began to help a couple of ladies with snail (蜗牛). The customers in front of me, being served, turned around and looked at me sympathetically and the customer behind me called to the staff person, “You should start here,” pointing at me. He was, well, ignored.
If someone asked me, “What is the most important rule to follow in America?” I would reply without hesitation. “Wait your turn at all times.” Wherever you go here in this country, you will find people waiting in a line quietly to get anything: whether in the supermarkets, department stores, bus stops, or gas stations, it’s just a matter of waiting your turn. In a larger sense, “wait your turn” is more than just a guideline — it is a very basic rule that reflects the fundamental value of the western cultures. But in some situations your turn does not always come based on when you get there and how long you have waited in line, just like my case at the store. Even though this did not often happen, it did make me feel upset.
24. What happened to the author at the store?
A. He wasn’t served upon his order.
B. He was ill-treated by a customer.
C. He was asked to be served later.
D. He was asked to do others a favor.
25. What is the author’s opinion about Queuing Rule?
A. Wait until being served. B. Serve people as one likes.
C. First come, later served. D. Wait until your turn comes.
26. What does the underlined word “this” in the last paragraph refer to?
A. His belief. B. His culture. C. His experience. D. His rule.
27. Why did the author write the text?
A. To emphasize his kindness to others.
B. To express his belief and his feelings.
C. To show his disbelief in Queuing Rule.
D. To introduce some western culture to us.
One of the most important things in the world is friendship. In order to have friends, you have to be a friend. But how can you be a good friend at school?
Listen — Listen when they are talking. Don’t say anything unless they ask you a question. Sometimes it’s not necessary for you to have anything to say; they just need someone to talk to about their feelings.
Help them — If your friend is ever in need of something, be there to help them. You should try to put them first, but make sure you don’t do everything they want you to do. Try to take an extra pencil or pen with you to classes in case they forget one. Have a little extra money in your pocket in case they forget something they need.
Be there for them — Be there for your friends to help make them feel better in hard times. Marilyn Monroe, a famous U.S. actor, once said, “I often make mistakes. Sometimes I am out of control, but if you can’t stay with me at my worst, you are sure not to deserve to be with me at my best.” Always remember this! If you don’t want to stay with your friends when they’re in hard times, then you don’t deserve to be with them when they’re having a good time!
Make plans — Try to make plans with your friends. Go shopping, go for ice cream, have a party, go to a movie and so on. Take time to know each other even better by doing something you both enjoy. By planning things together, you both can have a good time. And you’ll remember these things when you’re all old!
28. While your friend is talking to you about his or her feelings, you should ______.
A. give him or her some advice
B. calm him or her down
C. just listen unless asked
D. share your feelings as well
29. When we provide help for our friends, we should ______.
A. put them before ourselves
B. try to do everything for them
C. change their bad habits first
D. ignore their faults
30. What can we learn from Marilyn Monroe’s words?
A. Life without a friend is death.
B. A friend is easier lost than found.
C. A man is known by his friends.
D. A friend in need is a friend indeed.
31. What is probably the best title for the test?
A. How to find a good friend.
B. How to be a good friend.
C. How to help friends in trouble.
D. How to make more friends.
Even plant can run a fever, especially when they’re under attack by insects or disease. But unlike human, plants can have their temperature taken from 3,000 feet away straight up. A decade ago, adopting the infrared(红外线) scanning technology developed for military purposes and other satellites, physicist Stephen Paley came up with a quick way to take the temperature of crops to determine which ones are under stress. The goal was to let farmers precisely(精确的) target pesticide(杀虫剂) spraying rather than rain poison on a whole field, which always includes plants that don’t have pest problems.
Even better, Paley’s Remote Scanning Services Company could detect crop problems before they became visible to the eye. Fixed on a plane flown at 3,000 feet at night, an infrared scanner measured the heat sent out by crops. The data were transformed into a color-coded map showing where plants were running “fevers”. Farmers could then spot-spray, using 50 to 70 percent less pesticide that they otherwise would.
The bad news is that Paley’s company closed down in 1984, after only three years. Farmers resisted the new technology and long-term supporters were hard to find. But with the renewed concern about pesticides on produce and refinements(改进) in infrared scanning, Paley hopes to get back into operation. Agriculture experts have no doubt that the technology works. “This technique can be used on 75 percent of agricultural land in the United States,” says George Oerther of Texas A& M, who recently retired from the Department of Agriculture, thinks remote infrared crop scanning could be adopted by the end of the decade. But only if Paley finds the financial support which he failed to obtain 10 years ago.
32. Plants will give out an increased amount of heat when they are _____.
A. facing an infrared scanner
B. sprayed with pesticides
C. exposed to extreme sun rays
D. in poor physical condition
33. In order to apply pesticide spraying precisely, we can use infrared scanning to _____.
A. draw a color-coded map
B. evaluate the damage to the crops
C. locate the problem area
D. measure the size of the affected area
34. The application of infrared scanning technology to agriculture met with some
difficulties of _____.
A. the lack of official support
B. its high cost
C. the lack of financial support
D. its failure to help increase production
35. Infrared scanning technology may be brought back into operation because of _____.
A. full support from agricultural experts
B. the forceful promotion by the Department of Agriculture
C. the desire of farmers to improve the quality of their produce
D. growing concern about the over use of pesticides on crops
How to stay focused in class
Being relaxed during class is a bad habit, and it is also bad to your grade. Focusing in class not only proves to teachers that you are a capable student but also shows that you have the ability to control yourself, which will be very important.
36 No matter how much you want to sit with your friends during the class, try your best to avoid them. Talking with friends around you is not going to give you the focus in class. This will get you into trouble.
Look at teacher and make eye contact. Your teacher is not just standing up there talking. 37 Show the teacher that he or she has your full attention by looking them in the eye. This person should have your full attention at all times during class.
Take notes. By taking notes, you’ll be able to “get into” the lesson. Write down key points as your teacher speaks. And listen to the key phrases such as “This is important” “This is the main idea” “This will be the test” etc. 38 在
Get involved in class discussions. This is a wonderful way to become a more focused, successful student. When a teacher asks a question, offer to answer it. 39 This shows the teacher that you are listening carefully during the class.
Ask a question. 40 This really shows your teacher that you want to be better, and can recognize the things you are having difficulty with. Chances are that someone else in the class has the same question (and was too afraid to ask!). They’ll be relieved, and so will you.
A. Avoid sitting with friends.
B. This can help you listen more attentively.
C. If he or she ask for an opinion, share your own.
D. Talking with friends makes you lose interest in class.
E. He or she is trying to give you an acceptable education.
F. The more quickly you answer, the more attention you pay.
G. If you don’t understand something, never be afraid to ask.
When I was a boy there were no smart phones or computers. Still, I never felt bored. The fields, 41 and woodlands around my home were the perfect playground. I can remember once hiking to nearby 42 and walking slowly around it. At the back of it I was amazed to find an old dirt road that I had never seen before. It was full of muddy tyre tracks and deep woods bordered it on both sides, but 43 it still seemed like a fine adventure.
I 44 on and on for what seemed like hours. I was sure my guardian angel(守护天使) was 45 in my ears to turn around and 46 back home but I was 47 and even a bit stupid, so I walked on. There was still neither a car nor a house 48 . My legs were getting tired. I noticed that the sun was starting to go down and I grew 49 . I didn’t want to end up 50 on this road in the dark of night, and I was worried that it would be dark 51 I could make my way back to the lake again.
I continued to walk on with the fear growing inside of me. My heart was 52 faster and my legs were aching more seriously than before. When I 53 one last corner and saw a house that I 54 , I jumped up and down and laughed out loud. I knew the way home! It was still over a mile away, but my 55 felt like feathers. I 56 into the house with a big smile just in time for dinner. Then I ended my adventure with a good night’s sleep.
I remembered this recently when I saw a 57 , saying, “All roads lead home”. This is true. I also remembered a sage (圣人) compared life to a journey. Are we going to make this life a terrible 58 or are we going to make the life a joyful one? It 59 our own choice.
All roads no matter how they twist and turn, can 60 us home in our hearts. May you always walk your path with love! May you always help your fellow travelers along the way!
41. A. towns B. hills C. farms D. villages
42. A. farmhouse B. highway C. forest D. lake
43. A. exploring B. appreciating C. introducing D. refusing
44. A. drove B. flew C. walked D. rode
45. A. waving B. singing C. whispering D. scolding
46. A. head B. land C. pace D. wander
47. A. sad B. stubborn C. mature D. anxious
48. A. in order B. in comfort C. in need D. in sight
49. A. pleased B. scared C. astonished D. disappointed
50. A. exposed B. injured C. trapped D. worried
51. A. though B. if C. when D. before
52. A. blocking B. sinking C. beating D. dancing
53. A. turned B. searched C. checked D. examined
54. A. owned B. recognized C. overlooked D. defined
55. A. arms B. hands C. head D. legs
56. A. stormed B. danced C. dragged D. dived
57. A. design B. signature C. sign D. signal
58. A. trip B. scene C. event D. sight
59. A. refers to B. deals with C. decides on D. depends on
60. A. lead B. urge C. move D. transport
Should naps(小睡) actually 61 (take) during the day? Well, we certainly know from 62 (evident) in the sleep center and that of many other scientists that naps can give you benefits for both your brain 63 your body. But naps can actually be 64 double-edged sword because while we’re awake during the day, we’re building up sleepiness or sleep pressure. So when you try to fall asleep at night, you’ll fall asleep quickly and then you’ll stay asleep. And when we sleep, we actually release that sleepiness so that we wake up the next morning feeling 65 (refresh).
So if you take a nap during the day, especially if you take it too late in the afternoon, you will actually release some of that sleepiness and it will make it much 66 (hard) to fall asleep and stay asleep soundly throughout the night. So the advice would be if you don’t struggle with your sleep and you can nap 67 (regular), then naps are just fine.
But if you do find it difficult 68 (fall) asleep or stay asleep at night, then you should avoid naps and try to build up that healthy sleepiness in the evening.
The ideal nap depends on 69 you want from that nap. Different stages of sleep actually give you different types of brain and body 70 (benefit).
I went to the seaside to spending my summer holiday with my family. We stayed there for about two week. The weather was much hotter than in my hometown, but I got used to it or felt at home. Every morning, I got up early than my parents and went for breakfast ahead of the time. Then I went to have a chat with my new friend, John, whom I happen to come across during my holiday. John was a native and quite warm-heartedly and he was familiar to the seaside well. Soon we became very good friends. Since we parted, we have kept write to each other.
I’m glad to hear from you last week.
1 — 5 CACBC 6 — 10 AABCB 11 — 15 ACABC 16 — 20 BABAC
21 — 25 BCAAD 26 — 30 CBCAD 31 — 35 BDCCD 36 — 40 AEBCG
41 — 45 BDACC 46 — 50 ABDBC 51 — 55 DCABD 56 — 60 BCADA
61 be taken 62. evidence 63. and 64. a 65. refreshed 66. harder
67. regularly 68. to fall 69. what 70. benefits
I went to the seaside to spending my summer holiday with my family. We stayed there
for about two week. The weather was much hotter than ∧ in my hometown, but I got
used to it or felt at home. Every morning, I got up early than my parents and went for
breakfast ahead of the time. Then I went to have a chat with my new friend, John,
whom I happen to come across during my holiday. John was a native and quite
warm-heartedly and he was familiar to the seaside well. Soon we became very good
friends. After we parted, we have kept write to each other.
21.B. 细节理解题。关键句：but because it is consistently hot all the year round.
22. C. 推理判断题。关键句：Timbuktu is slowly being swallowed by the desert and is certainly a shadow of the trade center that it once was.
23. A. 细节理解题。关键句：The city’s record high is 54℃, making it one of the world’s hottest cities during the summer.
24. A. 细节理解题。文章第二段。
25. D. 推理判断题。 关键句：I would reply without hesitation. “Wait your turn at all
26. C. 指代判断题。关键句：just like my case at the store 和it did make me feel upset.
27. B. 写作意图题。讲述自己的经历和感受。
28. C. 细节理解题。关键句：Listen when they are talking. Don’t say anything unless they ask you a question.
29. A. 细节理解题。关键句：You should try to put them first, but make sure you don’t do everything they want you to do.
30. D. 推理判断题。文章第四段。
31. B. 主旨大意题。文章阐述如何成为好朋友。
32. D. 推理判断题。关键句：Even plant can run a fever, especially when they’re under attack by insects or disease.
33. C. 推理判断题。关键句：The goal was to let farmers precisely(精确的) target pesticide(杀虫剂) spraying rather than rain poison on a whole field, which always includes plants that don’t have pest problems.
34. C. 细节理解题。关键句：Farmers resisted the new technology and long-term supporters were hard to find. 及But only if Paley finds the financial support which he failed to obtain 10 years ago.
35. D. 细节理解题。关键句: But with the renewed concern about pesticides on produce and refinements(改进) in infrared scanning, Paley hopes to get back into operation.
41. B. 考查名词辨析。根据fields, woodlands 可知，hills符合此处的语境。
42. D. 考查名词辨析。根据I could make my way back to the lake again可知。
43. A. 考查动词辨析。根据下文的adventure可知。
44. C. 考查动词辨析。根据上文hiking的和下文的I walked on可知。
45. C. 考查动词辨析。根据语境及后文的in my ear可知。
46. A. 考查动词辨析。head意思为“前进”，此处表示“回家去”。
47. B. 考查形容词辨析。根据下文的even a bit stupid so I walked on可知。
48. D. 考查介词短语辨析。in sight表示“看得见；在视野范围内”。
49. B. 考查形容词辨析。根据后文的I continued to walk on with the fear growing inside of me可知。
50. C. 考查动词辨析。因为天色渐晚，且周边没有房屋和车辆，作者有些害怕，不想被困在那里。
51. D. 考查连词辨析。before引导时间状语从句。
52. C. 考查动词辨析。作者走了好远的路且内心充满恐惧，此时心脏会加剧跳动。
53. A. 考查动词辨析。根据下文的corner，用turned表示转过最后一道弯。
54. B. 考查动词辨析。根据下文的I knew the way home可知，作者看到自己熟悉的一个房子，因此一下子就认出来了。recognize表示“识别；认出”。
55. D. 考查名词辨析。因为找到了回家的路，作者疼痛的腿现在走起路来轻如羽毛。
56. B. 考查动词辨析。因为非常兴奋，作者连蹦带跳的跑进了家。dance十分形象地表达了作者当时兴奋的心情。
57. C. 考查名词辨析。根据后面的“All roads lead home”可知。
58. A. 考查名词辨析。根据上文的compared life to a journey可知。
59. D. 考查动词短语辨析。depend on表示“依靠；取决于”。
60. A. 考查动词辨析。All roads lead home可知。lead为“引领；引导”。
I’m glad to hear from you last week. Since you are interested in the current situation of the countryside in China, I’m writing to introduce it to you.
In recent years, our government attaches much greater importance to the development of the countryside, making it quite different from the past. Not only are many high buildings and broad highways built, but education has been given more attention and support. All of these changes have added to the convenience and happiness of the people in the countryside. Therefore, I sincerely invite you to come for a visit.
Looking forward to your early reply.
M: There’s a new bakery on the next street. Should we get some pork pies or beef pies this morning?
W: I want something sweet. The egg cake lady just opened her doors. Let’s go stand in line.
W: I’m making a card for my language teacher. I can’t remember the German for “Get better soon.”
M: Why don’t you ask your neighbor Ingrid? She speaks German fluently.
W: It’s National Day. Let’s go to the square and see the performances.
M: First, let’s visit my parents and have breakfast with them, like we do every year.
W: Of course! On our way, let’s pick up a gift for them at the store.
M: You look sad. What’s on your mind?
W: I’m not sad at all. I’m just thinking about something, Dad. How are you feeling?
M: Oh, I’m just happy to be spending time with you today, sweetheart!
W: Excuse me. Can we get a table for four people?
M: Sure. But you may need to wait for a few minutes. Please sit in the waiting area and take a look at the menu first.
W: This slide is so big! It looks dangerous.
M: It probably is. It’s called a stone slide. I bet it hurts a lot if you fall off your box.
W: What box?
M: You have to sit on something when you slide, or else you’ll tear your pants and hurt your legs. Most people sit on a big, folded-up paper box. See? There’s a pile of them next to the slide. Hey, Sandy, I dare you to try it!
W: Dave, do I look like I’m scared?
M: Your face is a little white.
W: Well, I’m not afraid. But you go first.
M: Ha! I knew it. All right, see you at the bottom!
M: Good morning, madam. Today we are going to a wonderful place where you can see some rare birds. After that is a thirty-minute bike tour around a small island.
W: How lovely! But first of all, can I know about the hotel where I’m going to stay?
M: Yes, of course. The Beach Hotel opened in 2017. And it sits on the seaside. It is the most beautiful hotel here.
W: That sounds great.
M: And there are some restaurants near it. So, at dinnertime, you’d have a lot of choices. You can enjoy the delicious food.
W: That’s really nice. I like to have some local foods while traveling. What about the scenery around it?
M: The hotel has the best views of the ocean.
W: Oh, I can’t wait to live in the hotel.
W: Did you know the Apple smartwatch can save your life?
M: No, how is that?
W: The alarm on one woman’s watch went off when her heart started beating much faster. She didn’t even know it was happening. She went to the doctor to be sure that nothing was wrong. But they tested her and found out she was starting to have a heart attack!
M: That’s amazing. If it had happened to me, I would have thought it was from walking fast or running.
W: She wasn’t doing anything active.
M: If the watch can find certain problems, it will probably become more popular, especially with elderly people.
W: The younger generation is into healthy living. They will probably be good customers, too.
M: Hmm… I wonder if other companies like Samsung and Huawei will get in on this part of the market. They must be waiting to see what happens with Apple watch sales.
W: Actually, my friends have smartwatches from those companies already. I like my Fitbit watch, personally. The battery lasts a very long time.
M: What are you reading about, Sue?
W: Oh, just some funny news about big, scary lake creatures.
M: I thought people didn’t believe that stuff anymore.
W: Well, people keep taking videos of strange things they see in the water. Everyone has a smartphone these days, so more people are sharing their experiences instantly on social media. There are manylake monsters around the world. For example, Lake Superior has its own stories about a lake monster. But the original Nessie in Scotland is still the most famous. Stories about it have been around since 1933. But there’s another creature that interests me more. It’s the Kanas Lake Monster, right here in China.
M: You mean Kanas Lake in Xinjiang?
W: Yes. In 1985, the university studied the lake and said there are creatures living in it that are as long as 15 meters. It’s a very old lake, you know.
M: Do you really think there are monsters in that lake? It’s not even one of the biggest lakes in China. How would they survive in there?
W: I don’t know. But it’s thrilling to think there might be very large animals alive in the world that we’ve never seen!
M: Well, Dad studied biology in England in the 1970’s. He must have heard a lot about Nessie. Go ask him if he thinks it’s possible that these creatures exist.
M: Hello students. It’s great to be here today. I’m excited to tell you about my life experiences and the lessons I’ve learned. The most important lesson I learned in my life is the importance of hard work. We all have dreams, and to achieve them we must work hard. I’m now the owner of my own business. But I started with nothing. I came to the United States with my mother when I was ten years old. She wanted me to have a better life than we did in our country. She worked very hard to clean houses so I could have food and clothes. More than anything she wanted me to go to school and be successful. She taught me that everyone can do these things through effort and determination. So I entered middle school in the U.S. and worked as hard as I could on my studies. I asked the teacher for extra help after class and learned English from my new friends. When I finished high school, my hard work paid off. I got a scholarship to university where I also determined to learn all I could. After college, one of my business professors helped me get a loan to open my own business. It was a struggle, but five years later I own a growing business at the age of thirty! My mother is so proud. Remember, anything that’s worth having is something you have to work for.