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山东新泰一中2019届高三英语12月测试题附答案           ★★★
山东新泰一中2019届高三英语12月测试题附答案
作者:佚名 文章来源:网络 点击数: 更新时间:2018/12/28 8:53:12

新泰一中高三第二次质量检测英语试卷
                                               2018.12    
    本试卷分第I卷(选择题)和第II卷(非选择题)两部分。考试时间:120          总分:150分。考试结束后,将本试卷和答案卡一并交回。
注意事项: 1.答第I卷前考生务必将自己的姓名、准考证号填写在答题卡上。
                2.选出每小题答案前,用2B铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。如需改动, 用橡皮擦干净后, 再选涂其他答案标号框, 不能答在本试卷上,否则无效。
第I卷
第一部分:听力(共两节,满分30分)
第一节  听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。
1. What’s the price of a pair of sports socks this week?
A.  $2. 5.      B. $3. 5.    C. $5.
2. What does the man want to do?
A. Get a passport.
B. Take some photos.
C. Copy his birth certificate.
3. What does the man imply about Janet?
A. She'll graduate next week.
B. She doesn't have to work today.
C. She might not attend the ceremony.
4. Why is the woman late?
A. She met with an accident.
B. She worked late in the hospital.
C. She collected her colleague's son from school.
5. Where does the conversation probably take place?
A. In a lab.     B. In a phone shop.    C. At Jenny’s house.
第二节  听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。
听下面一段对话,回答第6和第7两个小题。
6. What is very important in the woman’s mind?
A. A map.    B. A first aid bag.    C. A mosquito killer.
7. Who told the man to take peanut butter?
A. Pearl.     B. Laurence.     C. Dennis.
听下面一段对话,回答第8和第9两个小题。
8. What kind of film is Shane Clark promoting?
A. A comedy.    B. An action film.    C. A fiction film.
9. Who will enjoy the fan meeting?
A. The man.    B. The woman.      C. The man’s sister.
听下面一段对话,回答第10至第12三个小题。
10. What are the speakers talking about?
A. Where to hold a party.
B. What activity to organize.
C. How to spend their weekend.
11. What does the man think of having a barbecue?
A. Tiring.    B. Interesting.      C. Expensive.
12. What do we know about the dress party?
A. The clothes will be prepared.
B. It will be held in a restaurant.
C. Everyone needs to prepare a dish.
听下面一段对话,回答第13至第16四个小题。
13. How long will the woman stay in Thailand?
A. Two days.    B. Two weeks.     C. Two months.
14. Why isn't the woman going to the beaches?
A. They are too far away.
B. They are badly polluted.
C. They are full of people.
15. Where will the woman stay most nights?
A. In a tent.    B. In a hotel.     C. In a small village.
16. What does the woman need to take?
A. Some clothes.   B. A lighter.     C. Some food.
听下面一段独白,回答第17至第20四个小题。
17. When is Wildlife on Three usually on?
A. At 6:00.    B. At 6:45.      C. At 7:30.
18. In which program can you see a whole range of wildlife?
A. India Live.   B. Desert Watch.    C. Wildlife on Three.
19. What mistake did people on Macquarie Island make?
A. They hunted many rabbits.
B. They allowed the sea to flood in.
C. They destroyed the balance of nature.
20. What did people decide to do at the coast?
A. Build higher defenses.
B. Create an area of wetland.
C. Purify the water for daily life.
第二部分阅读理解(共两节,每小题2分,满分40分)
第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)
阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C、D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
A
   Here comes the theatre forecast for both openings and previews. Every one of the following is definitely a visual feast. Never hesitate to take a look, and there's one special for you!
Amélie
   Phillipa Soo stars in a musical adaptation of the 2001 film, by Craig Lucas, Daniel Messé, and Nathan Tysen, about a young woman who spreads joy in Montmartre.
Walter Kerr, 219 W. 48th St. 212-239-6200. In previews. Opens April 3.
The Antipodes
   The playwright (剧作家) Annie Baker returns, with a piece about storytelling, directed by Lila Neugebauer and featuring Josh Charles, Phillip James Brannon, and Josh Hamilton.
   Pershing Square Signature Center, 480 W. 42nd St. 212-244-7529. Previews begin April 4.
The Chocolate Factory
   Christian Borle plays Willy Wonka in this musical version of the Road Dahl book, featuring new songs by Marc Shaiman and Scott Wittman and a book by David Greig.
Lunt-Fontanne, 205 W. 46th St. 877-250-2929. In previews.
A Doll's House II
   Lucas Hnath's play, starring Laurie Metcalf, Chris Cooper, Jayne Houdyshell, and Condola Rasha, picks up years after Ibsen's classic leaves off, with the return of its heroine, Nora. Sam Gold directs.
   Golden, 252W. 45th St. 212-239-6200. Previews begin March 30.
Groundhog Day
   Tim Minchin and Danny Rubin wrote this musical version of the 1993 Bill Murray comedy, about a misanthropic (厌世的) weatherman forced to repeat the same day over and over. Matthew Warchus directs.
   August Wilson, 245 W. 52nd St. 212-239-6200. In previews. Opens March 30.
Indecent
Rebecca Taichman directs Paula Vogel's play, a transfer from the Vineyard, which tells the story of the controversial 1923 Broadway production of Sholem Asch's Yiddish drama God of Vengeance.
   Cort, 138 W. 48th St. 212-239-6200. Previews begin April 4.
21. Which of the following is true about the plays according to the text?
   A. The Antipodes tells a story of passing joy to others.
   B. The Chocolate Factory brings you some new songs with it.
C. Indecent has been a controversial play since it was produced in 1923.
D. Groundhog Day is a musical showing a wealthy man living a fixed life.
22. What can we learn from the text about the plays?
   A. The whole play of Groundhog Day is on at present.
   B. The Chocolate Factory is a musical version of an old drama.
   C. The previews of A Doll's House II can be available in April.
   D. Amélie is adapted from Broadway dramas produced in the 1900s.
23. If you want to watch an original play, you can choose ________.
   A. Amélie     B. The Antipodes
   C. The Chocolate Factory  D. Indecent
B
Living and dealing with kids can be a tough job these days, but living and dealing with parents can be even tougher.
If I have learned anything in my 18 years, it is communication that is very important, both when you disagree and when you get along. With any relationship, you need to let others know how you are feeling. If you are not able to communicate, you drift apart. When you are mad at your parents, or anyone else, not talking to them doesn't solve anything.
Communication begins with the concerns of another. It means that you can't just come home from school, go up to your room and ignore everyone. Even if you just say "Hi", and see how their day was for five minutes, it is better than nothing.
If you looked up the word "communication" in a dictionary, it would say "the exchange of ideas, the conveyance of information, correspondence (通信), means of communication: a letter or a message". To maintain a good relationship, you must keep communication strong. Let people know how you feel, even if it's just by writing a note.
When dealing with parents, you always have to make them feel good about how they are doing as a parent. If you are trying to make them see something as you see it, tell them that you'll listen to what they have to say, but ask them politely to listen to you. Yelling or walking away only makes the situation worse.
This is an example: one night, Sophie went to a street party with her friends. She knew she had to be home by midnight after the fireworks, but she didn't feel she could just ask to go home. That would be rude. After all, they had been nice enough to take her along with them. Needless to say, she was late getting home. Her parents were mad at first, but when Sophie explained why she was late, they weren't as mad and let the incident go.
Communication is the key factor here. If Sophie's parents had not been willing to listen, Sophie would have been in a lot of trouble. Communication isn't a one-way deal: it goes both ways. Just remember: if you get into a situation like Sophie's, tell the other person how you feel -- listening is the key factor to communication.
24. What is the main idea of the second paragraph?
A. The disagreement between generations.
B. The importance of communication.
C. The great importance of keeping silent.
D. The necessity of making your feeling known.
25. When parents and children are in communication, the key to a happy relationship is that _____.
A. parents should listen to their children
B. children should always obey their parents
C. parents and children should not yell or ignore
D. equality plays a part in family communication
26. What does the example in this passage prove?
A. Sophie's parents did a good job in listening to her.
B. Children should first explain themselves to their parents.
C. Communication is the solution to misunderstanding.
D. Parents would be mad at their children's returning home late.
27. What can we learn from the passage?
A. Walk away instead of yelling if communication fails.
B. It is better to say "Hi" to others than say nothing.
C. Talking is more important than listening in communication.
D. You should feel good about yourself when communicating.
C
Mass communication has been growing and affecting the way communities and people behave. At every stage of the development of communication, from the telegraph to the Internet, societies have had to adapt to its effects. But have the effects been more positive or negative?
The saying “knowledge is power” has been an excellent motivator for people to improve their lives, but today the massive amount of information available through the Internet doesn't always seem to be helping people in the way we’d hoped. Rather than improving people’s lives and bringing us closer together, the information age is making us more divided and irresponsible.
Nevertheless, many people find comfort in their virtual (虚拟的) worlds and are happy to connect with real-life friends and online friends from the familiar surroundings of their living rooms. However, being able to reinvent themselves online and be whoever they want to be leads to the question of whether they are losing their identities by living in a virtual world. It's not all bad news, however. Mass communication has helped change some attitudes for the better. Take our views on the environment for example. Internet campaigns by governments and other organizations have helped popularize the ideas of recycling, protecting wildlife and reducing pollution.
Modern electronic communication now influences every aspect of our lives - it is a powerful tool that has raised some concerns for society. However, it has also brought countless benefits to society. At the end of the day, it can be used both for good or evil, which largely relies on the morals and sense of responsibility of the individual or community involved. In short, it needs to be used with care.
28. According to the text, the information age today _____.
A. helps people improve their lives
B. fully shows "Knowledge is power"
C. makes people feel more connected to others
D. fails to achieve our expectations sometimes
29. What can we infer from Paragraph 3?
A. People only connect with online friends.
B. Online friends can be comforting for all people.
C. Virtual lives can make people clear of who they are.
D. The Internet helps to raise our environmental awareness.
30. What is the writer's attitude to electronic communication in the last paragraph?
A. It should be used in a cautious way.
B. It does more harm than good to society.
C. Its side effects can't be handled by individuals.
D. It should be strictly controlled by the government.
31. What does the text mainly talk about?
A. The comfort of the virtual worlds.
B. The effects of mass communication.
C. The development of mass communication. 
D. The way to use modern mass communication. 
D
    Do cell phones cause cancer? No one knows for sure. Mobile phones have only been widely used for around 20 years, with the very first ones introduced just over 30 years ago. It's too soon to tell just how harmful cell phones are.
In February 2011, a study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association recorded changes in brain glucose metabolism (葡萄糖代谢) during cell phone use. The study became the first to prove that cell phone use changes brain activity by monitoring 47 healthy volunteers seated and on the phone for 50 minutes. The volunteers’ brains were monitored by special scanners to measure glucose metabolism.
Then in May 2011, the World Health Organization's International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) added radiation from cell phones to its list of substances that possibly cause cancer in humans. The IARC's research found that most cell phone use did not lead to more risk of glioma, a dangerous type of brain cancer, or meningioma, a more common, but typically not harmful cancer. However, the study did find enough evidence that using cell phones for long periods of time on the same side of the head could mean an increased risk of glioma.
In a contrasting report released in July 2011, a British Institute of Cancer Research study found little evidence of cancer risk in 10 to 15 years of use. The study showed that there have been no increases in brain tumors (肿瘤) in several countries over the last 30 years since cell phones were introduced or even in the last 20 years since their use became more widespread.
With no long-term research available yet, limiting exposure to cell phone radiation by texting more and talking less is recommended. Stay off the phone when you have a weak signal, as it will need more radiation to contact the tower. Phone use for children should also be limited because their brains absorb twice as much cell phone radiation.
32. We can't be sure whether cell phones cause cancer because _______.
A. there has been little research on the problem up to now
B. it's difficult to track the bad effects of cell phone radiation
C. different studies has been arguing fiercely about this problem
D. there has been little evidence of it given the short history of cell phones
33. What did the IARC find from their research?
A. Radiation from the cell phone is certain to cause some brain cancers.
B. Using cell phone for long periods of time could increase the risk of cancer.
C. Cell phone use is more likely to cause a common cancer than a dangerous one.
D. Staying away from cell phones with weak signal can reduce the risk of cancer.
34. What is recommended to reduce the harm from cell phone use?
A. Staying far away from the signal tower.
B. Using cell phones when the signal is weak.
C. Limiting children's exposure to cell phones.
D. Talking more and texting less via cell phones.
35. What does “it” in Paragraph 5 refer to?
A. A cell phone.
B. The phone user.
C. The phone radiation.
D. The cell phone signal.
第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)
根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。(E 涂AB,F涂BC,G涂CD)
The daily life of a high school student is busy and often very stressful.   36   How can you deal with it? Here are some tips to help making your life a little smoother.
  37   Instead of spending time aimlessly during study hall, actually study! You may not feel like it, but if it gives you more free time to watch your favorite show that night, it's worth it. During your commute to and from school, use the time to study or review class notes. Make it your daily goal to practice using time wisely.
Stay away from distractions. If you hate to miss your favorite show, make time to study before the show comes. Studying with the television on is much more difficult.   38   If the phone is a distraction, explain to friends that you can only talk at a certain time or turn it off.
Get plenty of rest. Take a second and see how many hours of sleep you get each night. Is it less than nine? If so, you need to be getting more sleep. A study found that most teens need about nine hours of sleep per night to feel alert.   39 
Make time for you. Studying for two or three hours straight can wear you out, and in the end, you may be having a hard time concentrating.   40   A good suggestion is to spend every 45 minutes in studying and take a 15-minute rest. During the break, do something you find relaxing, such as eating a healthy snack or reading a magazine.
A. Kill time freely.
B. Watch those minutes.
C. You will have a harder time focusing on the learning material.
D. Another way is to listen to some light music when you are learning.
E. Many things and activities a student faces can be difficult and confusing.
F. Make sure to include short breaks while studying to keep your mind active.
G. By managing your time wisely, you will make room for more sleep in your schedule.
第三部分英语知识运用(共两节,每小题1.5分,满分45分)
第一节 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1. 5分,满分30分)
阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C、D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
When I first met my new parrot, Chico, his wings had been cut short and he was stuck on the earth just like us humans. When the weather turned nice, I would take Chico outside. I   41    him on a branch of a tree, hoping to make him happier. At first he seemed confused. He walked back and forth on the branch looking   42   . He didn't even flap his wings in an/a   43    to fly. Somehow he knew he was incapable.
One day Chico got especially excited. He paced back and forth and made an   44    amount of noise. Then all of a sudden he stopped and let out an even louder scream. He started   45   flapping his wings for the first time ever--then he lifted off the   46   like a space shuttle! I was amazed and   47  . Little did I know his feathers had been growing back, and Chico had been waiting until the moment was ripe for   48  !
Two days later Chico returned. First I tried to   49   him back with food, but he would not come near me. Then I took his   50   and put it away--still he would not come. Finally, I made him a firm promise that I would let him out every day if the weather was nice as long as he did come back.   51  , he flew onto my shoulder.
From that day on, whenever the weather was good I would let him   52   early and he would fly around and be back before dark. The routine lasted for two months   53   suddenly Chico became   54  . The vet said that he had been infected with a disease from the pigeons in the   55  . Within a few days he died.
I was very sad. The   56   crossed my mind that if I had not set him free to fly, he would be still alive. But what   57   is there in being a bird if you can't fly? 
Chico made his first   58   for freedom on a late Monday afternoon in April. When will you make yours? You too can take a   59   when the conditions are right, knowing you too, in your own way, were built to fly. If you don't set yourself free, what will be the   60   of your life?
41. A. brought   B. seated   C. caught    D. chased
42. A. comfortable  B. painful   C. patient    D. anxious
43. A. attempt   B. stage   C. journey    D. path
44. A. acute    B. initial   C. incredible   D. accessible
45. A. slowly    B. gently    C. madly    D. gracefully
46. A. ground   B. branch   C. window    D. house
47. A. moved   B. shocked  C. delighted   D. excited
48. A. patience   B. exchange  C. rescue    D. escape
49. A. trick    B. fasten   C. seize    D. expect
50. A. cage    B. chain   C. food     D. feather
51. A. At last   B. As usual   C. Once in a while  D. In the meantime
52. A. out    B. off    C. away    D. alone
53. A. until    B. while   C. since    D. although
54. A. active   B. weak   C. annoying   D. miserable
55. A. forest   B. community  C. countryside   D. neighborhood
56. A. fact    B. thought   C. concern    D. detail
57. A. problem   B. meaning   C. interest    D. mistake
58. A. relief    B. willingness  C. communication  D. breakthrough
59. A. breath   B. look    C. holiday    D. chance
60. A. success   B. purpose   C. contribution   D. importance
第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)
阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。
If you make a career choice while you are still in high school, you will save time and money in the long run. Students who do not plan ahead may delay starting college or take extra courses    61   (give) themselves time to make up their   62  (mind). U.S. News and World Reports    63   (say) that the average annual tuition at a four-year college is $ 35,000. If you spend    64    extra year in school, you may have to take out additional loans or pay extra money to cover the cost.
Choosing a career while you are in high school also gives you time to explore your   65  (choose) industry. If you find a career   66   sounds interesting, you can follow someone in the field and see what it is    67  (real)like to have that job. You can also apply   68   a chance to get an informal position related to your desired industry. This will help you build a professional network even before you graduate from high school. Professional contacts are very   69  (value), especially when you are looking for a job in your field. If you do as much as you can to build a network   70    you are ready for a job, you will be more likely to succeed.
第四部分写作(共两节,满分35分)
第一节 短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请您修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。
增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。
删除:把多余的词用斜钱(\)划掉。
修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;
2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。
My mother always tells me to be kind to others. One day I was in line at our local post office. Behind me was a man, of who the coat was dirty and ragged. It was obviously that he has not bathed or changed his clothes for a long time. Hardly had he come in than the others stood back several foot away from him. In fact, I didn't notice her until the woman behind the counter looked back. It was then when I turned back to see what had been happened. Turned to leave, I said to him, “Wish you nice day!” The man nodded, looking happy.
第二节 书面表达(满分25分)
假设你是李华,你校来自美国的交换生Jack将于12月份去北京参加中文演讲比赛决赛。他就如何准备比赛向你写信求助,现在请你根据以下要点给他写一封电子邮件给他帮助:
1. 向他表示祝贺;
2. 给他提出建议;
3. 给他鼓励并祝他取得好成绩。
注意:
1. 词数:100词左右;
2. 可以适当增加细节使行文连贯;
3. 开头结尾已给出,不计入总词数。
决赛:final
Dear Jack,
Yours,
Li Hua
 
新泰一中高三第二次质量检测英语试题答案  
                    
听力1—5 BACCB 6—10 ACACB 11—15 BCBCA 16—20 ABACB
阅读  BCB   BDCB   DDAB    DBCA
七选五  EBCGF
完型 41-45 BDACC   46-50 BBDAA   51-55 AAABD    56-60 BBDDB
语篇填空   61. to give  62. minds  63. says  64. an     65. chosen
66. which/that 67. really 68. for 69. valuable 70. before/when
改错:
My mother always tells me to be kind to others. One day I was in line at our local post office. Behind me was a man, of whom the coat was dirty and ragged. It was obvious that he had not bathed or changed his clothes for a long time. Hardly had he come in when the others stood back several feet away from him. In fact, I didn't notice him until the woman behind the counter looked back. It was then that I turned back to see what had been(去掉) happened. Turning to leave, I said to him, “Wish you a nice day!” The man nodded, looking happy.
参考范文一:
Dear Jack,
   You couldn't imagine how delighted I was when I got the news that you have successfully won the opportunity to compete in the final of the Chinese Speech Contest. Congratulations!
   Now, I am writing to give you some suggestions about the final. What comes to my mind first is that you should choose a proper topic so that you are more likely to impress the judges deeply. Besides, after finishing your writing, if you could turn to your Chinese teacher to ask him to polish it, it would be much better. Last but not least, I strongly suggest you paying special attention to your voice and gesture during your speech.
I hope and do believe that you can win the final. Looking forward to your good news.
Yours,
Li Hua
参考范文二:
Dear Jack,
Congratulations to you on entering the final of the Chinese Speech Contest! I'm really happy to hear the exciting news!
Now I'd like to give you some advice on how to prepare for the contest. Firstly, you should choose a proper topic to give the judge a good impression. When you finish writing the speech, you'd better ask your Chinese teacher to help you correct it. He will give you some suggestions on the words and sentences you use. Finally, I think it is necessary to pay attention to your voice and gesture when delivering the speech.
I believe you can make it. Wish you a great success!
                                                          Yours,
                                                            Li Hua


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