Unit 2 The United Kingdom单元测试
第一部分：英语知识运用 (共三节，满分 45 分)
从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。
1. The Group of Eight (G8) ______ the eight richest countries in the world.
A. is consisted of B. is made up
C. consists of D. consists in
2. ______ no need to worry about her, for she is always careful.
A. There is B. It is C. We are D. That is
3. Sandy looked beautiful in her ______ blue skirt.
A. dirty B. smart C. smartful D. small
4. The full name of the UK is the United ______ of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
A. State B. Nation C. Kingdoms D. Kingdom
5. ______ the little girl can speak four foreign languages.
A. Much to our surprise B. To our much surprise
C. Great to our surprise D. To our greatly surprise
6. They will go to Guangzhou by plane ______ by train.
A. in place of B. instead of C. instead D. take the place of
7. It is reported that a province has ______ to form a new state.
A. broken down B. broken up C. broken away D. broken out
8. The building was named Ford Hall ______ a man named James Ford.
A. in need of B. in memory of C. in charge of D. in search of
9. ______ impressed me most was his honesty and bravery.
A. That B. All C. Who D. What
10. — You are so lucky.
— What do you mean ______ that?
A. for B. in C. of D. by
11. — ______ I didn't hear you clearly. It's too noisy here.
— I was saying that the party was great.
A. Repeat. B. Once again. C. Pardon? D. So what?
12. I pushed my way through the crowd, saying “______”.
A. Never mind B. Go ahead C. Excuse me D. Pardon
13. Show me the machine you have had ______.
A. it check B. it checked C. checking D. checked
14. Laws that punish parents for their little children's actions against the laws get parents _____.
A. worried B. to worry C. worrying D. worry
15. The pilot asked all the passengers on board to remain ______ as the plane was making a landing.
A. seat B. seating C. seated D. to be seating
第二节：完形填空 (共 20 小题；每小题1分，满分20分)
There are more than forty universities in Britain—nearly twice as many as in 1960. During the 1960s eight completely new ones more founded, and ten other new ones were created 16 converting old colleges of technology into universities. In the same period the 17 of students more than doubled, from 70, 000 to 18 than 200,000. By 1973 about 10% of men aged from eighteen 19 twentyone were in universities and about 5% of women.
All the universities are private institutions. Each has its 20 governing councils, 21 some local businessmen and local politicians as 22 as a few academics（大学教师）. The state began to give grants to them fifty years 23 , and by 1970 eachuniversity derived nearly all its 24 from state grants. Students have to 25 fees and living costs, but every student may receive from the local authority of the place 26 he lives a personal grant which is enough to pay his full costs, including lodging 27 unless his parents are 28 . Most 29 take jobs in the summer 30 about six weeks, but they do not normally do outside 31 during the academic year. The Department of Education takes 32 for the payments which cover the whole expenditure of the 33 , but it does not exercise direct control. It can have an important influence 34 new developments through its power to distribute funds, but it takes the advice of the University Grants Committee, a body which is mainly 35 of academics.
16. A. with B. by C. at D. into
17. A. amount B. quantity C. lot D. number
18．A. more B. much C. less D. fewer
19. A. with B. to C. from D. beyond
20. A.self B. kind C. own D. personal
21. A. making B. consisting C. including D. taking
22. A. good B. long C. little D. well
23. A. ago B. before C. after D. ever
24. A. suggestions B. grades C. profits D. funds
25. A. make B. pay C. change D. delay
26. A. what B. which C. where D. how
27. A. living B. drinking C. food D. shelter
28. A. poor B. generous C. kindhearted D. rich
29. A. professors B. students C. politicians D. businessmen
30. A. at B. since C. with D. for
31. A. travel B. work C. experiment D. study
32. A. responsibility B. advice C. duty D. pleasure
33. A. government B. school C. universities D. committees
34. A. at B. to C. on D. form
35. A. consisted B. composed C. made D. taken
第三节：语句翻译 (共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 10 分)
36．We set up a monument _______________________ (为了纪念在战争中死去的英雄们).
37. When I got home, I _______________________ (发现屋子有人闯入过了).
38. _______________________(她很激动) to see so many products from China _______________________ (在展出).
39. Living things need air and light _______________________ (还有水).
40. Edison was _______________________ (以……著名) a great inventor and he was ______________________ (以……闻名) the invention of the electric light.
The Prime Minister Tony Charles Lynton Blair （1997 – Present）
“Education is the best economic policy there is.”
The son of a barrister and lecturer, Tony Blair was born in Edinburgh, but spent most of his childhood in Durham. At the age of 14 he returned to Edinburgh to finish his education at Fettes College. He studied law at Oxford, and went on to become a barrister himself.
After standing unsuccessfully for the Labour Party in a by-election, Blair went on to win the seat of Sedgefield in the 1983 General Election, aged 30.
Tony Blair made a speedy rise through the ranks, being promoted first to the shadow Treasury front bench in 1984. He subsequently served as a trade and industry spokesman, before being elected to the Shadow Cabinet in 1988 where he was made Shadow Secretary of State for Energy. In 1989 he moved to the employment brief.
After the 1992 election Labour's new leader, John Smith, promoted Blair to Shadow Home Secretary. It was in this post that Blair made famous his pledge that Labour would be tough on crime, tough on the causes of crime.
John Smith died suddenly and unexpectedly in 1994, and in the subsequent leadership contest Tony Blair won a large majority of his party's support.
Blair immediately launched his campaign for the modernisation of the Labour Party, determined to complete the shift further towards the political centre which he saw as essential for victory. The debate over Clause 4 of the party's constitution was considered the crucial test of whether its members would commit to Blair's project. He removed the commitment to public ownership, and at this time coined the term New Labour.
The Labour Party won the 1997 General Election by a landslide, after 18 years in Opposition. At the age of 43, Tony Blair became the youngest Prime Minister since Lord Liverpool in 1812.
The government began to implement a far-reaching programme of constitutional change, putting the question of devolution to referendums in Scotland and Wales.
An elected post of Mayor of London was established at the head of a new capital-wide authority, and all but 92 hereditary peers were removed from the House of Lords in the first stage of its reform. The government has also implemented an investment programme of ￡42 billion in its priority areas of health and education.
Tony Blair was re-elected with another landslide majority in the 2001 General Election.
He is married to the barrister Cherie Booth QC, and they have four children. Their youngest, Leo, was the first child born to a serving Prime Minister in over 150 years.
41. The last sentence “Their youngest, Leo, was the first child born to a serving Prime Minister in over 150 years” means:
A. Leo was the only child of all Prime Ministers in the English history.
B. Leo was the first child of a Prime Minister who had retired in over 150 years.
C. Leo was the youngest son of Tony Blair, Prime Minister.
D. Leo was the only child who was born to the person who still worked as the prime Minister in over 150 years.
42. Which of the following statements is true?
A.Tony Blair is the first youngest Prime Minister in the English history.
B.Tony Blair is the second youngest Prime Minister in the English history.
C.Promoted to the shadow Treasury front bench in 1984,Tony Blair became famous.
D.Tony Blair is now still in his post as a Prime Minister in his third round.
43. Blair immediately launched his campaign for the modernisation of the Labour Party, determined to complete the shift further towards the political centre which he saw as essential for victory.
“essential” means ______.
A. necessary B. possible C obvious D. natural
44. Tony Blair made a speedy rise through the ranks, being promoted first to the shadow Treasury front bench in 1984.
“promote” means ______.
A. advance sb in position or rank. B. diasppoint sb
C. please sb D. puzzle sb
45. An elected post of Mayor of London was established at the head of a new capital-wide authority, and all but 92 hereditary peers were removed from the House of Lords in the first stage of its reform.
“peer” means ______.
A. friends B. equal in rank C. enemies D. co-workers
David Beckham is the king of the football world, but it is his wife Victoria, former “Posh Spice ” girl, who makes it possible. She was the person who turned him from a footballer into a global attractor. Even now that he has left Manchester United for Real Madrid, instead of Barcelona or Milan, it might be because of her.
“Posh Spice” has become a name for Victoria. The Collins Dictionary even has the term “Posh and Becks ” (Victoria and David Beckham).
Before meeting Victoria Adams, Beckham was a good-looking and likeable footballer with a bright future at Manchester United, but that was about all.
Since he married her in 1999, he has become the most famous player British sport has ever produced, and, some say, the most influential (有影响的) man in the country. “When they got together, she was clearly the more popular of the two,” said Andrew Parker, a sports expert at Warwick University in Britain. “ She certainly introduced him to a new circle of people and, all of a sudden, he was a top list celebrity (名人). ”
It's believed that, behind the high walls and iron gates of their “ Beckingham Palace ”, it is Victoria who decides everything.
When their baby boy, Brooklyn, fell in 2000, Beckham left a United training session to look after him, and this led to his being dropped from the team. Many were sure it was Victoria who had asked her husband to stay at home. During a trip to the United States this year, Victoria has worked hard to push her husband to the US public. They would not have recognized him if they met him in a car park.
She may appear to have taken a back seat, but Victoria is still at the forefront of the “Posh and Beck” project.
46. From the passage, we can conclude that at home ______.
A. Beckham listens to his wife
B. Victoria listens to her husband
C. Beckham and Victoria discuss and do everything together
D. Beckham has no mind of his own
47. Before meeting Victoria Adams, Beckham ______.
A. had become world-famous
B. was completely unknown
C. was an ordinary football player
D. was not so influential
48. Which of the following or best supported by the fourth paragraph?
A. People still like Victoria better than Beckham.
B. People liked to see Beckham and Victoria get together.
C. To a large degree, Beckham owes his popularity to Victoria.
D. Sports experts used to think little of Beckham.
49. Which of the following is NOT true according to this passage?
A. Beckham is the most influential man in Britain.
B. In 2000, Beckham was dropped from his team because he spent a holiday in United States.
C. Beckham is now playing for Real Madrid.
D. Brooklyn was born in 2000.
50. Which of the following might be the best title of the text?
A. The Posh power
B. A perfect couple
C. Who is more influential---Beckham or Victoria?
D. “Posh and Becks ” project
Most shops in Britain open at 9:00 am, and close at 5:00 or 5:30 in the evening. Small shops usually close for an hour at lunchtime. On one or two days a week—usually Thursday and/pr Friday—some large food shops stay open until about 8:00 pm for late night shopping.
Many shops are closed in the afternoon on one day a week. The day is usually Wednesday or Thursday and it is a different day in different towns.
Nearly all shops are closed on Sundays. Newspaper shops are open in the morning, and sell sweets and cigarettes as well. But not all the things can be sold on Sundays.
Usually it is not difficult for foreign visitors to find where to buy things. Most shops sell the things that you want to buy. One problem is stamps. In Britain you can only buy these at post offices. Many large food shops are self-service. When you go into one of these shops, you take a basket and you put the things you wish to buy into this. You pay for everything just before you leave. If anyone tries to take things from a shop without paying they are almost certain to be caught, because most shops have detectives.
When you are waiting to be served in a shop, it is important not try to be served before people who arrive before you. Many foreign people are surprised at the British way of queuing (排队).
51. Most shops in Britain stay open for about ______ a day.
A. eight hours B. five hours C. ten hours D. six hours
2. According to the passage, which of the following statements is NOT true?
A. Some large food shops open for about 11 hours on Thursday or Friday.
B. Many shops are closed in the afternoon once a week on Tuesday.
C. Only a few things can be bought on Sundays.
D. It is not difficult for foreign visitors to buy things in Britain.
53. You can not buy ______ in shops.
A. cigarette B. sweets C. stamps D. clothes
54. Which of the following statements is TRUE?
A. Most shops usually close for an hour at lunchtime.
B. Many large shops are self-service.
C. Most shops have detectives.
D. People do not have to queue to be served.
55. Which of the following statements can be the best title of this passage?
A. Shops in Britain
B. How to buy things in Britain?
C. The British Way of Queuing
D. How long are the British shops?
LONDON (Reuters) —Organic fruit, carried right to the doorstep. That is what Gabriel Gold prefers (更喜欢), and he is willing to pay for it. If this is not possible, the 26-year-old computer technician will spend the extra money at the supermarket to buy organic food.
“Organic produce is always better,” Mr. Gold said. “The food is free of pesticides(杀虫剂), and you are generally supporting family farms instead of large farms. And more often than not it is locally grown and seasonal, so it is more tasty.” Mr. Gold is one of a growing number of shoppers buying into the organic trend, and supermarkets across Britain are depending on (依赖) more like him as they grow their organic food business. But how many shoppers really know what they are getting, and why are they willing to pay a higher price for organic produce? Market research shows that Mr. Gold and others who buy organic food can generally give clear reasons for their preferences---but their knowledge of organic food is far from complete. For example, small amounts of pesticides can be used on organic produce. And about three quarters of organic food in Britain is not local but imported (进口) to meet the growing need. “The demand for organic food is increasing(增加) by about one third every year, so it is a very fast-growing market.” Said Sue Flock, a specialist in this line of business.
56. Why do more and more people in Britain are buying organic food?
57. Where is the organic food produced?
58. What does the underlined words “organic trend” mean?
59. What does the news story mainly talk about?
60. Translate the underlined sentence in the last paragraph.
第三部分：写作 (满分 15 分)
新世纪 Net-school 网络系统表
可通过因特网( Internet ) 查寻最新信息
2．词数 100 左右
多媒体教学系统：Multimedia Teaching System
远程教学系统：Long Distance Teaching System
Ladies and gentlemen,
Welcome to our New Century Net-school!
1—5 CABDA 6—10 BCBDD 11—15 CCDAC
16-20 BDABC 21-25 CDADB 26-30 CCDBD 31-35 BACCB
36. in memory of the heroes who died in the war
37. found the house broken into
38. She was thrilled; on show/display
39. as well as water
40. known as/known for
41-45 DBAAB 46-50 ADCBA 51-55 ABCCA Keys:
56. Because they consider the food free of pollution(污染)
57. It is locally grown or imported to meet the growing need.
58. Growing interest in organic food
59. More and more people prefer organic food in Britain
One possible version:
Ladies and gentlemen,
Welcome to our New Century Net-school!
Our Net-school is made up of three parts. Multimedia Teaching System makes teaching and learning easier and much more interesting. Students can get more information and knowledge in class. Information Center, where we can send e-mail to all parts of the world and get the latest information from Internet, is open to both teachers and students. Long distance Teaching is for the students who are not studying in our school. They can study at home if they have a computer.