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高二英语下册选修8unit4测试题及答案           ★★★
高二英语下册选修8unit4测试题及答案
作者:佚名 文章来源:网络 点击数: 更新时间:2018/1/28 16:16:14

高二英语选修8unit4测试题及答案
第一卷(满分95分)
第一部分 英语知识运用
第一节 语音知识(共5小题,每小题1分,满分5分)
    从每小题A, B, C,D四个选项中,找出其划线部分与所给单词的划线部分读音相同的选项。
1. cube           A. product     B. compulsory    C. current      D. perfume
2. classic         A. alphabet     B. fade          C. classify     D. remark
3. innocent        A. helicopter   B. convenient     C. competence  D. product
4. bear           A. wear       B. beard          C. search      D. heart
5. upper          A. bathtub     B. status          C. musical     D. Buddhism
第二节.情景对话(共5小题,每小题1分,满分5分)
根据对话情景和内容, 从对话后所给的选项中选出能填入每一空白处得最佳选项。选项中有两个为多余选项。
Li Hua, who is planning to travel with his parents, is now calling Hyatt Travel Agency in Xi’an. ( A: Assistant  L: Li Hua)
A: Hello, this is Hyatt Travel Agency. May I help you?
L:Yes, this is Li Hua. I’ll have a short holiday, and I’m thinking about traveling abroad with my parents. _____6______
A: Of course. May I ask how long your holiday will be?
L: About a week.
A: Ok. ____7_______
L: I’d love to go to Europe.
A:____8_____ we have a special offer for European tours.
L: Great! _____9_____
A: Sure. For family tours, we have five European cities on the list, and we’ll see the Big Ben in London, the Eiffel Tower in Paris and other places of interest.
L: ___10_____ I’ll talk about this with my parents and call you back. Thank you.
A: You’re welcome.

A. What would you like to know?
B. You are very lucky.
C. What do you have in mind?
D. Can you give me some advice?
E. That’s just what I am thinking of.
F. Can I have some extra infformation?
G. I hope you’ll have a good journey there.
第三节 单项填空 (共15小题,每小题1分,满分15分)
11.________history of the American South is________history of suffering,also one of hope and success.
A.A;the        B.The;the
C.A;a       D.The;a
12.This naughty boy is really________,which makes his mother upset.
A.attractive     B.active
C.troublesome     D.anxious
13.The crowds had all gone home and the street was quiet ________.
A.any more     B.no longer
C.any longer     D.once more
14.Jim has been looking for his dictionary for almost an hour,and Tracy forgot to tell him that David________it ________2 hours ago.
A.took;away     B.took;in
C.took;over     D.took;on
15.The closing music________out when the hero rides off into the sunset.
A.faded      B.would fade
C.has faded     D.fades
16.________advertisements,TV programs are often made boring.
A.Regularly interrupted by  B.Regularly interrupting
C.To regularly interrupt    D.To be regularly interrupted by
17.He never________to help those in trouble because he was a kind-hearted man.
A.handled      B .hurried
C.hesitated     D.determined
18.I wanted to go to Greece,and my wife wanted to go to Spain,so we________on Italy.
A.resigned     B.compromised
C.promised     D.disguised
19.You are grown-up now,so it’s up to you to decide whether to________English or French.
A.take off      B.take on
C.take in      D.take up
20.________,the northerners are keen on dumplings while the southerners are fond of rice.
A.Generally speaking   B.General speaking
C.Speaking general    D.Speaking generally
21.When they got there,they found the people suffering the storm were________food and water supplies.
A.in want of     B.in praise of
C.in honour of     D.in place of
22.People have planted a great many trees in order to________wind and sand in the desert.
A.hold down     B.hold up
C.hold back     D.hold out
23.—Thank you for your timely help,Susan.
—________.xk b1 . co m
A.With pleasure     B.My pleasure
C.All right      D.No thanks at all
24.—What did he come here for?
—He came here especially to________your acquaintance.
A.take       B.get
C.make       D.produce
25.On hearing the horrible noise,they all went out and looked at what was happening in________.
A.amusement      B.enjoyment
C.amazement      D.embarrassment
第四节 完形填空(共20小题, 每小题1.5分, 满分30分)
The passengers on the bus watched with sympathy as Susan made her way carefully up the steps. She paid the driver and then, using her hands to   26     the seats, settled in one of them.
It had been a year since Susan became blind. As the result of an accident she was suddenly thrown into a world of     27  . Susan’s husband Mark watched her    28  into hopelessness and he was    29    to use every possible means to help his wife.
Finally, Susan felt ready to   30    to her job, but how would she get there? She used to take the bus, but she was now too     31    to get around the city by herself. Mark   32   to ride the bus with Susan each morning and evening    33    she could manage it by herself.
For two weeks, Mark   34    Susan to and from work each day. He taught her how to rely on her other   35     , specifically her hearing, to determine where she was and how to adapt to her new    36     .
At last, Susan decided that she was ready to try the trip   37  . Monday morning arrived. Before she left, she hugged her husband   38    , her eyes filled with tears of gratitude(感激).She said good-bye and, for the first time, they went their    39    ways. Each day went perfectly, and a wild excitement    40    Susan. She was doing it!
On Friday morning, Susan took the bus to work   41    . As she was getting off the bus, the driver said, “Miss, I sure   42   you.” Curious, Susan asked the driver   43    .
“You know ,every morning for the __44week,a fine-looking gentleman in a military uniform has been standing across the corner watching you until you enter your office building safely,” the bus driver said.
   Tears of happiness poured down Susan’s cheeks. She was so lucky for he had given her a gift more powerful than_45_,That is the gift of love that can bring light where there is darkness.
26.A. touch            B.grab          C.count             D.feel
27.A.weakness         B. sickness       C.darkness          D.sadness
28.A.run              B.sink           C.jump             D.step
29.A.inspired          B.determined     C.honored           D.pleased
30.A.return            B.adjust          C.contribute         D.stick
31.A.dred             B.astonished      C.depressed         D.frightened
32.A.volunteered       B.attempted       C.continued         D.struggled
33.A.when            B.as             C.until             D.after
34.A.drove            B.direted         C.accompanied      D.sent
35.A.feeling           B.organs         C.skills             D.senses
36.A.position          B.environment    C.status            D.role
37.A.on her own        B.in person        C.to her benefit      D.on foot
38.A.politely           B.calmly          C.briefly           D.tightly
39.A.opposite          B.separate         C.fixed             D.lonely
40.A.took charge of                      B.took place of
  C.took advantage of                    D.took hold of
41.A.as usual                           B.as a rule
  C.as well                            D.as a consequence
42.A.respect           B.evry               C.know         D.support
43.A.what             B.how               C. why         D.who
44.A.past              B.same              C.first          D.next
45.A.courage           B.will               C.sight         D.wisdom

第五节.阅读理解(共15小题,每小题2分,共30分)
A
                                The Touchstone
    When the great library of Alexandria burned, the story goes, one book was saved. But it was not a valuable book, and so a poor man, who could read little, bought it for very little money.
The book wasn’t very interesting, but between its pages there was something very interesting indeed. It was a thin strip of vellum on which was written the secret of the “Touchstone”! The touchstone was a small pebble that could turn any common metal into pure gold.
The writing explained that it was lying among thousands and thousands of other pebbles that looked exactly like it. But the secret was this: The real stone would feel warm, while ordinary pebbles are cold.
So the man sold his few belongings, bought some simple supplies, camped on the seashore, and began testing pebbles. He knew that if he picked up ordinary pebbles and threw them down again because they were cold, he might pick up the same pebble hundreds of times. So, when he felt one that was cold, he threw it into the sea. He spent a whole day doing this but none of them was the touchstone. Yet he went on and on this way. Pick up a pebble. Cold, throw it into the sea. Pick up another. Throw it into the sea. Pick up another. Throw it into the sea. The days continued over a long period of time.
One day, however, about mid-afternoon, he picked up a pebble and it was warm. He threw it into the sea before he realized what he had done. He had formed such a strong habit of throwing each pebble into the sea that when the one he wanted came along he still threw it away.
    So it is with opportunity. Unless we are careful, it’s easy to fail to recognize an opportunity when it is in hand and it’s just as easy to throw it away.
46. The man bought the book because ______.
  A. he wanted to read it              B. it was very interesting
C. there was a secret in the book          D. he wanted to find the touchstone
47. We can learn from the passage that the touchstone is ______.
A. pure            B. cold          C. magic        D. big
48. What does the author want to tell us in the passage?
A. We should offer opportunities in our life.
B. We should seek for opportunities in the world.
C. We may seize opportunities when we are watchful.
D. We may discover opportunities when forming habits.

B
People living in the UK take quite a few holidays abroad and in the country each year. Choices made about where to go, how to get there and what to do can either benefit or harm the environment.
 While on holiday
 Many of the things you can do to the greener on holiday will be the same things you can do at home—but there are also some extra things too, like avoiding gifts made from endangered plants and animals. Here are some suggestions:
 ●Making the most of locally produced food and drink, and local activities and attractions will support people in the area you are visiting and reduce the need for further environmental influence from transport.
 ●Switching off any air conditioning, heating and lights will help reduce climate change effect.
 ●Save water—some countries suffer from water shortages and saving water can help avoid damage to our natural habitats(栖息地).
Endangered species(物种)
 Some gifts and foods available in some countries can be made from endangered plants or animals. Check before you buy, but if you doubt, avoid animal and plant gifts. More details of the types of products to avoid any illegal trade hotspots can be found on the Souvenir Alert webpage.
 Making a positive contribution to the place you are visiting.
 There are ways in which your holiday can help support local people and the environment.
 ●There are many opportunities to volunteer and help with projects that conserve and improve natural habitats.
 ●When you are away, or if you are looking for somewhere to visit, you can support projects or attractions which protect wildlife, such as nature reserves and conservation projects.
49. According to the passage, we can        to help reduce climate change effect.
A. make good use of water            B. buy local food and drink
C. save electricity                   D. go around on foot
50. We should check the gifts and foods before buying because ______.
A. sometimes they are of poor quality
B. they may not be typical local products
C. some of them will do harm to our health
D. they may be made from endangered animals or plants
51. We can infer from the passage that ______.
A. it is not easy for people to travel abroad
B. not everyone can tell an illegal souvenir
C. green holidays have been accepted by people
D. volunteer work is a must for protecting natural habitats
52. The passage is mainly about ______.
A. travel enjoyment                   B. the harm to the environment
C. greener choices for holiday           D. protection of endangered animals

C
   When I lived in Spain, some Spanish friends of mine decided to visit England by car. Before they left, they asked me for advice about how to find accommodation (住所). I suggested that they should stay at ‘bed and breakfast’ houses, because this kind of accommodation gives a foreign visitor a good chance to speak English with the family. My friends listened to my advice, but they came back with some funny stories.
    “We didn’t stay at bed and breakfast houses,” they said, “because we found that most families were away on holiday.”
    I thought this was strange. Finally I understood what had happened. My friends spoke little English, and they thought ‘VACANCIES’ meant ‘holidays’, because the Spanish word for ‘holidays’ is ‘vacaciones’. So they did not go to house where the sign outside said ‘VACANCLES’, which in English means there are free rooms. Then my friends went to house where the sign said ‘NO VACANCLES’, because they thought this meant the people who owned the house were not away on holiday. But they found that these houses were all full. As a result, they stayed at hotels!
    We laughed about this and about mistakes my friends made in reading other signs. In Spanish, the word ‘DIVERSION’ means fun. In English, it means that workmen are repairing the road, and that you must take a different road. When my friends saw the word ‘DIVERSION’ on a road sign, they thought they were going to have fun. Instead, the road ended in a large hold.
    English people have problems too when they learn foreign languages. Once in Paris, when someone offered me some more coffee, I said “Thank you” in French. I meant that I would like some more. However, to my surprise, the coffee pot was taken away! Later I found out that “Thank you” in French means “No, thank you.”
53. My Spanish friends wanted advice about ______.
  A. learning English                         B. finding places to stay in England
  C. driving their car on English roads           D. going to England by car
54. ‘NO VACANCIES’ in English means ______.
  A. no free rooms          B. free rooms      C. not away on holiday    D. holidays
55. When someone offered me more coffee and I said “Thank you” in French, I ______.
  A didn’t really want any more coffee           B. wanted them to take the coffee pot away
  C. really wanted some more coffee             D. wanted to express my politeness
56. I was surprised when the coffee pot was taken away because I ______.
  A. hadn’t finished drinking my coffee          B. was expecting another cup of coffee
  C. meant that I didn’t want any more           D. was never misunderstood
D
    Robert is nine years old and Joanna is seven. They live at Mount Ebenezer. Their father has a big property. In Australia they call a farm a property.
    Robert and Joanna like school very much. At school they can talk to their friends but Robert and Joanna cannot see their friends. They live 100, perhaps 300, miles away and like Robert and Joanna, they all go to school by radio.
    Mount Ebenezer is in the center of Australia. Not many people live in “The Center”. There are no schools with desks and blackboards and no teachers in “The Center”. School is a room at home with a two-way radio. The teacher also has a two-way radio. Every morning she calls each student on the radio. When all students answer, lessons begin… Think of your teacher 300 miles away!
57. The children in “The Center” do not go to a school because ______.
  A. they live too far away from one another       B. they do not like school
  C. they are not old enough to go to school        D. their families are too poor
58. In order to send their children to school, parents in “The Center” of Australia must have ______.
  A. a property                               B. a car
  C. a school room at home                     D. a special radio
59. Teachers in “The Center” of Australia teach ______.
  A. not in a classroom but at the homes of the students
  B. by speaking only and not showing anything in writing
  C. without using any textbooks or pictures
  D. without knowing whether the students are attending
60. A “property” in Australia is a ______.
  A. house          B. school              C. farm               D. radio
第二卷(满分45分)
第三部分 写作(共两节,满分45分)
第一节 单词拼写(每小题1分,共10分)
1. An a         represents his government in a foreign country.
2. Quit e a lot of people will b          themselves when tempted by money.
3. The government should take e         measures to stop water  from being polluted.
4. The books in the library are c         according to subject.   
5. If yo u think you can drink so much without damaging your health, then you’re m        .
6.  He is smaller than you, but he is       (优秀的)to you.
7. The interior decoration of the house is         (折中) between Chinese and foreign styles.
8. These two brothers decided to go to America to try their        (运气).
9. He dipped into the bag and brought out a         (一把)of sample wheat. 
10. The doctor  said that the patient might be          (不舒服的)after her operation.
Xk b1 . c o m
第二节 短文改错(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)
假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。
增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。
删除:把多余的词用斜线(\划掉。
修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;
2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。
An American and a Frenchman decided to cross the sea between France and England  in the balloon in 1784.High over the water,they dis cover a hole in the balloon.The hole became bigger and bigger.The air keeps the balloon up were escaping quickly and the balloon was coming up.The two men threw all their equipment into the water to make the balloon light.It started to rise higher again.So it was still too close to the water.Finally,the men threw away most of his clothes to save themselves.The crowd waiting for to greet them in England was very surprised see this when the balloon landed in front of them.

第三节  书面表达(30分)
——参加欢送会
 假定你是李华,你的一位美国朋友Jane在中国学习中文两年,即将回国。现在由你给她发E-mail,邀请她参加为她举办的欢送会,要点如下:
(1)祝贺 她顺利通过考试,她的学习进步很大,为她骄傲;
(2)感谢她帮助你们学习英语;
(3)时间:星期六晚六点;
(4)地点:阳关俱乐部(The Sun Club)302房间;
(5)路线:在你所住并馆门口乘坐332路公共汽车可直达。
注意:
(1)须包括以上主要内容,可以适当增加细节,使内容连贯;
(2)词数:100左右。开头和结尾已给出,不计入总词数。
(3)参考词汇:欢送会 farewell party
Dear Jane,
 Congratulations on your passing all th e exams.                                      
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                              
                                                                                
Yours faithfully,
Li Hua

参考答案
语音:1-5 DCBAA
情景对话:6-10 DCBFE
单项填空:11-15  DCDAD  16-20  ACBDA  21-25 ACBCC
完形填空:26-30 DCBBA  31-35 DACCD  36-40 BADBD  41-45 ABCAC
阅读理解:46-48 ACC  49-52 CDBC  53—56 BACB    57—60 ADBC
任务型阅读
61. enemies 62. How  63. Cost   64. control 65. make
66. Rob    67. well  68. instead   69. being/getting 70. Result


第三部分 写作(共两节,满分25分)
第一节 单词拼写
1. ambassador    2. betray    3. effective    4. classified    5. mistaken       6. superior     7. compromise     8. fortune     9. handful     10. uncomfortable
第二节 短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
An American and a Frenchman decided to cross the sea between France and England in thea balloon in 1784.High over the water,they discoverdiscovered a hole in the balloon.The hole became bigger and bigger.Th e air keepskeeping the balloon up werewas escaping quickly and the balloon was coming updown.The two  men threw all their equipment into the water to make the balloon lightlighter.It started to rise higher again.SoBut it was still too close to the water.Finally,the men threw away most of histheir clothes to save themselves.The crowd waiting for— to greet them in England was very surprised ∧to see this when the balloon landed in front of them.
【参考范文】
Dear Jane,
 Congratulations on your passing all the  exams. I am delighted you have really made great progre ss in your two years  of studying in China. All you have gained is the result of your hard work. We are proud of you and we all appreciate your help with  our English We’ll always remember the wo nderful time we spent together.
 It’s pity that you have to go back soon! So a farewell  party for you will be held i n Room 302 in the Sun Club this Saturday evening. Could you come by 6:00 p.m.? We’ll have dinner togeth er. By the way. you may take Bus N o. 332 in front of your hotel and i t will take you directly to the club.
 I wish you success and fulfillment in the years ahead!
Yours faithfully,
Li Hua

 



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