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高二英语下册选修8unit3测试题及答案           ★★★
高二英语下册选修8unit3测试题及答案
作者:佚名 文章来源:网络 点击数: 更新时间:2018/1/28 16:19:40

高二英语选修8unit3测试题及答案
考生注意:本试题分第Ⅰ卷(选择题)和第Ⅱ卷(非选择题)两部分。满分150分,考试时间90分钟。
注意事项:
1答第Ⅰ卷前,考生务必将自己的姓名、考号、考试科目用铅笔涂写在答题卡和第Ⅱ卷上对应位置。
2每小题选出答案后,用2B铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的标号涂黑,如需改动,用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其它答案,不能答在答题卷上。
3考试结束将第Ⅱ卷和答题卡一并交回。
第I卷  选择题(共90分)
第一节 语音知识(共5小题;每小题1分,满分5分)
    从A、B、C、D四个选项中,找出其划线部分与所给单词的划线部分读音相同的选项。
1. clear
A. heart        B. learn     C. wear       D. appear
2. whole
A. person    B. pilot       C. pocket   D. potato
3. begin
A. regard      B. stranger        C. orange   D. bought
4. technique
A. achieve    B. headache        C. change  D. lunch
5. meant
A. meat          B. near        C. thread    D. ocean
第二节 情景对话(共5小题,每小题1分,满分5分)
根据对话情景和内容,从对话后所给的选项中选出能填入每一空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该选项涂黑.选项中有两个为多余选项
——Hello, Mr. Nicol. I haven’t seen you for a long time. What seems to be the problem?
——__6__
——Which part of you head?
——__7__xk b1.co m
——Oh, I see the left side. How long have they been troubling you?
——__8__
——Did you take anything for the headaches?
——__9__
—— When do they come on?
——__10__
—— Have you had headaches in the past?  
——Just one or two, but never anything like this.
A. I have a pain in my back.         
B. Mostly along here, along this side.
C. Well, they started about three weeks ago.             
D. I have been having these headaches, doctor.
E.I just can’t go to sleep at night.  
F. They seem to be there all day long, and right through the night.
G.I took some aspirin(阿司匹林) but it didn’t seem to make much difference to me.
第三节:语法和词汇知识(共15小题,每题1分,满分15分)
11 .A great many books ---- every year, and large quantities of them --- well.
   A. have published; sell       B have been published; sell
   C. have been published; sell  D. Has been published; sell
12 .There is a great drive--- for tourists.
   A. marking out    B. Marked out C. having marked out  D to mark out
13. It was suggested that this naughty boy _______.
   A. will be punished B. could be punished C. had been punished   D. be punished
14. _____ you have done to him is terrible, so you should make an apology .
   A. Whether  B. What  C. How  D. That
15 .One advantage of playing the guitar is ____ it can give you much pleasure.
   A. how   B. why  C. that  D. When
16 .He has given us a suggestion ___ we should buy a house in the cottage with money we have saved.
   A. when   B. where  C. what  D. that
17. She always differs __me __how to spend the vacation.
   A. on, with  B. with, on  C. at, with  D. From, on
18. It was sometime last week, But I can’t remember the __ time.
   A. correct  B. exact  C. accurate  D. right
19 .He __ the money back in six months.
 A. undertook paying      B .undertook to pay
C was undertaken paying  D. was undertaken to pay
20.We ___ by the failure.
   A. cast down   B. are cast down  C. are casting down  D. casted down
21.If you read fast every day, you ___improve your English level.
   A. are bound to  B. are bounded to  C. bound  D. bound to
22. A teacher’s job isn’t easy ___.
    A. to be done  B. to do  C. for doing  D. of doing
23. Along with the letter was his promise___ he would visit me this week.
    A. which  B. what  C. that  D. whether
24. Meeting my uncle after all these years was an unforgetable moment,____
    __ I will always treasure.
A. that  B one  C. it   D. what
25.Mr.Smith,____ of the boring speech, started to read a novel.
A. tired   B. tiring  C. having tired  D. having to be tired
第四节 完形填空(共20小题,每小题1.5分,满分30分)
     阅读下面短文,从短文后各题的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出适合填入对应空白处的最佳选项
The Parking-Lot(停车场)Sweeper
    Both my parents came from towns in Mexico. I was born in E1 Paso, Texas, and when I was four, my family moved to a housing project in East Los Angeles.
 Even though we struggled to make ends meet, my parents stressed to me and my four brothers and sisters how    26    we were to live in a great country with limitless opportunities. They    27     us with the ideas of family, faith and love.
    I got my first    28     job when I was ten. My dad injured his back working in a cardboard-box factory and was retrained as a hairstylist. He    29    space in a little shopping center and gave his shop the flowery name of Mr. Ben’s Coiffure.
    The owner of the shopping center    30     my Dad’s payment for cleaning the parking lot three    31     a week, which    32    getting up at 3 a.m. Mom and I helped    33   
dustbin and pick up rubbish by hand. It took two to three hours to clean the lot. I     34    
sleep in the car on the way home.
    I did this for two years, but the lessons I learned have     35    a lifetime. I obtained discipline(自律)and the importance of work, and learned at a(n)    36    age the importance of balancing life’s competing interests——in my    37   , school, homework and a job. This
   38     helped during my school years, when I worked 40 hours at a fast-food restaurant while taking a full    39    of college preparation courses.
    The hard work    40    off. I attended the U.S. Military Academy and went on to    41   
graduate degrees in law and business from Harvard.     42    , I joined a big Los Angeles law firm and was elected to the California state assembly(州议会). In these jobs and in everything else I’ve done, I have     43    forgotten those nights in the parking lot. The experience taught me that there is value in all work and that if people are working to    44     for themselves and their families, that is    45     we should honor.
  26. A. important B. different C. competitive D. fortunate
  27. A. mixed B. filled C. piled D. left
  28. A. true B. new C. real D. good
  29. A. hired B. bought C. cleaned D. created
  30. A. reduced B. afforded C. collected D. charged
  31. A. mornings  B. evenings C. dawns D. nights
  32. A. meant B. overcame C. admitted D. allowed
  33. A. lift B. empty C. throw D. hold
  34. A. must B. need C. would D. should
  35. A. existed B. lasted C. kept D. stayed
  36. A. small B. exact C. early D. golden
  37. A. mind B. way C. part D. case
  38. A. really B. nearly C. simply D. merely
  39. A. piece B. length C. mass D. load
  40. A. made B. took C. paid D. started
  41. A. receive B. offer C. require D. study
  42. A. Thus B. Later C. Again D. Instead
  43. A. seldom B. just C. even D. never
  44. A. account B. enter C. provide D. call
  45. A. everything B. something C. nothing D. anything
第一节:阅读理解(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)
阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳答案。
A
We are all called upon to make a speech at some point in life, but most of us don’t do a very good job. This article gives some suggestions on how to give an effective speech.
    So, you have to give a speech-- and you’re terrified. You get nervous, you forget what you want to say, you stumble over words, you talk too long, and you bore your audience. Later you think, “Thank goodness, it’s over. I’m just no good at public speaking. I hope I never have to do that again. ”
    Cheer up! It doesn’t have to be that bad. Here are some simple steps to take the pain out of speech making. Ask yourself the purpose of your speech. What is the occasion? Why are you speaking? Then, gather as many facts as you can on your subject. Spend plenty of time doing your research. Then spend plenty of time organizing your material so that your speech is clear and easy to follow. Use as many examples as possible, and use pictures, charts, and graphs if they will help you make your points more clearly. Never forget your audience. Don’t talk over their heads, and don’t talk down to them. Treat your audience with respect. They will appreciate your thoughtfulness.
    Just remember: be prepared. Know your subject, your audience, and the occasion. Be brief. Say what you have to say and then stop. And be yourself. Let your personality come through so that you make person-to -person contact with your audience.
    If you follow these simple steps, you’ll see that you don’t have to be afraid of public speaking. In fact, you may find the experience so enjoyable that you volunteer to make more speeches! You’re not convinced yet? Give it a try and see what happens.
46. The main idea of this article is _________.
    A. you can improve your speaking ability  B. a poor speaker can never change
    C. always make a short speech           D. it is hard to make a speech
  47. Paragraph 2 implies that ________.
    A. many people are afraid of giving a speech  B. many people are happy to give a speech
    C. many people do not prepare for a speech   D. many people talk too long
  48. The phrase “talk over their heads” means ________.
    A. speak too loudly      B. look at the ceiling
    C. look down upon them   D. use words and ideas that are too difficult
  49. All of the following statements are true except that ___________.
    A. few people know how to make good speeches
    B. a lecturer does not need to organize his speech
C. research is important in preparing a speech
D. there are simple steps you can take to improve your speaking ability
50. The title for this passage may be _______.
    A. Do Not Make a Long Speech  B. How to Give a Good Speech
C. How to Prepare for a Speech   D. Try to Enjoy a Speech               

B
Solar energy for your home is coming. It can help you as a single home owner. It can help the whole country as well. Whether or not solar energy can save your money depends on many things. Where you live is one factor and the type of home you have is another. Things like insulation (绝缘材料), present energy costs, and the type of system you buy are added factors.
    Using solar energy can help save our precious fuel. As you know, our supplies of oil and gas are very limited. There is just not enough on hand to meet all our future energy needs. Sooner or later Mother Nature will say that’s all. The only way we can delay hearing those words is by starting to save energy now and by using other sources, like the sun.
    We won’t have to worry about the sun’s running out of energy for another several billion years or so. Besides, the sun doesn’t offer as many problems as other energy sources. For example, fossil fuel(矿物燃料) adds to already high pollution levels. With solar energy, we will still need sources of energy, but we won’t need as much. That means we can cut down on our pollution problems.
With all these good points, why don’t we use more solar power? There are many reasons for this. The biggest reason is money. Until now, it was just not practical for a home owner to put in a solar unit. There were cheaper sources of energy.
    All that is changing now. Solar costs are starting to equal the costs of oil and electricity. Experts say that gas, oil and electricity prices will continue to rise. The demand for electricity is increasing rapidly. But new power plants will use more gas, oil or coal. Already in some places the supply of electricity is being rationed (限量供应). Solar energy is now in its infancy (初期). It could soon grow to become a major part of our nation’s energy supply.
51. What’s this passage mainly about? 
    A. Something about solar energy and pollution.   B. Solar energy. 
    C. Energy and pollution.    D. Energy and money.
52. Solar energy can help us _____.xk b1.co m
   A. escape punishment from nature   B. become home owners 
    C. get rid of present energy         D. save our precious fuel
53. The sun is an endless source of energy, and it will not run out of energy for _____.
    A. several million years   B. several hundred years
    C. several billion years   D. several thousand years
54. Which of the following statements is TRUE? 
    A. Energy from coal would not pollute our living environment.
    B. Energy from natural gas would not pollute our living environment.
C. Energy from the sun would not pollute our living environment.
    D. Energy from oil would not pollute our living environment.
55. Solar energy is now in its infancy, _____.
    A. but in the future it will become an important part of our nation’s energy supply
    B. so we will build more power plants 
    C. and the supply of electricity will be rationed throughout the country
    D. so we don’t need it                                     
C
Some people believe that international sport creates goodwill between the nations and that if countries play games together, they will learn to live together. Others say that the opposite is true: international competitions encourage false national pride and lead to misunderstanding and hatred(憎恨). There is probably some truth in both arguments, but in recent years the Olympic Games have done little to support the view that sport encourages international brotherhood. Not only was there the tragic incident including the murder of athletes, but the Games were also ruined by incidents caused mainly by smaller national contests.
    One country received its second-place medals with visible anger after the hockey(曲棍球) final. There had been noisy scenes at the end of the hockey match, the losers objecting to the final decisions. They were sure that one of their goals should not have been disallowed and that their opponents’ victory was unfair. Their manager was in great anger when he said, “This wasn’t hockey. Hockey and the International Hockey Federation are finished.” The president of the Federation said later that such behavior could result in the suspension(停赛) of the team for at least three years.
Incidents of this kind will continue as long as sport is played competitively rather than for the love of the game. The suggestion that athletes should compete as individuals, or in non-national teams, might be too much to hope for. But in the present organization of the Olympics there is far too much that
encourages  aggressive patriotism(爱国主义).
56. According to the author, recently the Olympic Games have ______.
    A. created goodwill between the nations   
    B. brought about only false national pride
    C. hardly showed any international friendship
    D. put an end to misunderstanding and hatred
57. The underlined word “disallowed”(in Paragraph 2) means “______”.
    A. permitted to pass    
    B. considered as reasonable
    C. won by the other side       
    D. refused to accept
58. What did the manager mean by saying, “Hockey and the International Hockey Federation are finished”?
    A. His team would no longer take part in international games.
    B. Hockey and the Federation are both ruined by the unfair decisions.
    C. There should be no more Hockey matches organized by the Federation.
    D. The Federation should break up.
59. The author gives the example in paragraph 2 to show ______.
    A. how false national pride led to undesirable incidents in international games
    B. that sportsmen are often against the final decisions
    C. that competitiveness in the games discourages international friendship
    D. that unfair decisions are common in the Olympic Games
60. What conclusion can be drawn from the passage?
    A. The organization of the Olympic Games must be improved.
    B. Athletes should compete as individuals in the Olympic  Games.
    C. A game should be played competitively rather than for the love of the game.
    D. More and more athletes will compete for their own honor.
D
 Science is a major topic in our culture. Since it touches almost every field of our life, educated people need at least some knowledge with its structure and operation. They should also have an understanding of the scientific subculture in which scientists live and the kinds of people they are. An understanding of general characteristics of science as well as specific scientific ideas is easier to obtain if one knows something about the things that excite and discourage the scientist.
    This book is written for the person whose knowledge with science is not complete; for the person who has been presented with science as a musty(发霉的)storehouse of dried facts; for the person who sees the chief objective of science as the production of tricks; and for the person who views the scientists as some sort of magician. The book can be used to add to a course in any science, to come with any course that attempts to give an understanding of the modern world, or simply to provide a better understanding of science. We hope this book will lead readers to a broader view on scientific attitudes and a more realistic view of what science is, who scientists are, and what they do. It will give them an idea and understanding of the relationship between science and our culture and an appreciation of the roles science may play in our culture. Besides, readers may learn to appreciate the relationship between scientific views and some of the values and philosophies(哲学)that are deep in our culture.
 We have tried to present in this book a correct and up-to-date picture of the scientific world and the people who populate it. That population has in recent years come to include more and more women. This increasing role of women is not just the only event but, rather, part of the trend obvious in all parts of society, as more women enter traditionally male-controlled fields and make influential contributions.
 We have also tried to make the book entertaining as well as informative. Our method is usually informal. We feel, as do many other scientists, that we shouldn’t take ourselves too seriously. As the reader may observe, we see science as a delightful pastime rather than as a cruel and unpleasant way to earn a living.
  61. According to the passage, ‘scientific subculture’ means __________.
 A. scientific society  B. technical groups
 C. complex situation  D. knowledge system
  62. We need to know something about science because __________.
 A. scientists have specific scientific ideas
 B. science affects almost every field of our life
 C. it is easier to understand general characteristics of science
 D. it is not easy to understand the things that excite and discourage scientists
  63. The book mentioned in this passage is written for readers who __________.
 A. are scientists making influential contributions
 B. want to have a little understanding of science
 C. want to break the male-controlled world
 D. have a misunderstanding about science
  64. This passage most probably is __________.
 A. the review of a book B. the concluding part of a book
 C. the information added to a book D. the introduction of a book
  65. According to the passage, we can infer that the book probably is __________.
 A. interesting B. serious C. realistic D. humorous

 

 

第II卷(共55分)
第三部分  写作(共三节,共55分)
第一节:单词拼写(共10小题,每题1分,共10分)
根据下列句子及所给汉语注释,在句子右边的横线上写出空缺处各单词的正确形式。(每空只写一词)
66.Hello.Can you put me though to_______(电话分机)256,please?
67.Luckily the________(降雨)stopped suddenly before I left.
68.In a courtroom it is sometimes difficult to ________(辨别) who is innocent and who is guilty.
69.If you want to apply for a credit card, you must provide ________(有效的)identification
70.She_________(被动的) during the meetings and does not contribute to discussions at all.
71.Please_______(存档)those letters.
72.When operating a machine, you must use________(小心).
73.The ______(仁慈的) king saved him form death.
74.The whole scheme began to take on more _______(实际的)aspect.
75.Later I found I______(拨电话) the wrong number.
第二节:短文改错(共10小题,每小题1分,满分10分)
此题要求改正所给短文的错误。对标有题号的每一行做出判断:如无错误,在该行右边横线上划一个勾(√);如有错误(每行只有一个错误),则按下列情况改正:
该行多一个词:把多余的词用斜线(/)划掉,在该行右边横线上写出该词,并也用斜线划掉。.
该行缺一个词:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),在该行右边横线上写出该加的词。
该行错一个词:在错的词下划一横线,在该行右边横线上写出改正后的词。
        注意:原行没有错的不要改。
One evening two young men were walking in the street.
They tried to find a chance to steal everything. The clock  76. __________
strikes twelve. Most people were in bed. Quickly they came 77. __________
to a house so it seemed that everyone in the house had fallen 78. __________
sleeping. Standing at the front gate, one man said in English to 79. __________
the other at a low voice, “You wait here. I will go around to  80. __________
the front door and then get into the house.” Suddenly out 81. __________
of the house ran a dog, barking at them. The two men were 82. __________
very afraid and ran away as fast as possibly. They didn’t stop 83. __________
until they had got to a lonely place. One man said to the other 84. __________
in surprise, “It’s too bad. I had thought that the dog could 85. __________
understand English.
第三节:书面表达(共l题;满分30分)
假设你叫李华。今年夏天,某国遭受严重水灾。学校组织赈灾活动,要求每人献出一份爱心,捐献一件学习用品。假如你捐献了一副心爱的圆规(或书包、铅笔盒、图书等),请根据下列提示写一封短信给这位不知名的外国同学。
1. 了解灾区情况,表示同情;
2. 你珍爱这件学习用品的原因
3. 鼓励灾区同学重建家园
注意:①词数110左右
          ②可根据内容要点适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。


 
试题参考答案
第I卷 (两部分,共95分)
第一部分 英语知识运用(共四节,共55分)
第一节:语音知识(共5小题,每小题1分,满分5分)
1---5 . DCABC
第二节 情景对话(共5小题,每小题1分,满分5分)
6—10 DBCGF x k b 1.co m
第三节:语法和词汇知识(共15小题,每题1分,满分15分)
11-15 BBDBC   16—20 DBBBB  21-25 ABCBA
第四节 完形填空(共20小题,每小题1.5分,满分30分)
26-30  DBCAA   31--35 DABCB  36--40 CDADC  41—45 ABDCB
第二部分 阅读理解(共40分)
阅读理解(共20小题,每小题2分,满分40分)
46—50 AADBB  51—55 BDCCA  56—60 CDBCA   61--65ABDDA
第II卷(共55分)
第三部分  写作(共三节,共55分)
第一节:单词拼写(共10小题,每题1分,共10分)
66extention 67rainfall  68distinguish  69valid      70passive
 71file      72caution   73merciful     74practical  75dialed
第二节:短文改错(共10小题,每小题1.5分,满分15分)
76.everything—something   77.Strikes---struck  78.so — and   79.sleeping—asleep
80.at—in   81.front—back   82.√    83.possibly—possible   84.去掉had
85.had—hadn’t/had 后边加not
第三节 书面表达(30 分)
Dear friend,
   When we learned over the radio and in the newspapers that some part of your country was flooded, we became very worried. It is said that many houses were washed away, so you couldn’t have your classes as usual. I wonder if things have improved by now.
    I’d like to send you a pair of compasses, which were a present given to me by my sister on my last birthday. I hope it will be of some help to your study.
    The government is trying to help the people in the flooded areas rebuild their homes. I believe the day will soon come when you overcome all the difficulties and live a better life.
                                                 
Yours truly,
                                  Li Hua

 



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