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高二英语下册选修8unit1测试题及答案           ★★★
高二英语下册选修8unit1测试题及答案
作者:佚名 文章来源:网络 点击数: 更新时间:2018/1/28 16:23:02

高二英语选修8unit1测试题及答案
       试题总分:150分     测试时间120分钟
(第一卷)
第一部分:单词辨音(共5小题,每小题1分, 共5分)
从 A、B、C、D四个选项中,找出其划线部分与所给单词划线部分读音相同的选项。 
1.courage 
 A. would     B.enough      C though       D.brought
2.stamps  
A.songs     B.prepares     C  sticks      D.problems
3.wood   
A.fool       B.took          C noon        D.shoot
4.pair   
A.idea       B.everywhere   C pioneer      D.report
5.clothes  
A.something  B.northeast    C.southern     D.truth
第二部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)
第一节 语法和词汇知识(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)

6.________ fashion differs from country to country may reflect a cultural difference from one aspect.
A. What              B. That                 C. This             D. Which
7. ______ scientists know where a storm will happen, winds will suddenly change, carrying the storm to a new direction.
A. Even if   B. Since    C. Despite  D. Unless
8._______ she couldn’t understand was ______ fewer and fewer students showed interests in her lessons.
     A. What; why       B. That; what        C. What; because         D. Why; that
9. Someone is ringing the doorbell. Let’s see _________.
A. who is he    B. who he is    C. who is it          D. who it is
10. When doing your history homework on the Civil War by typing in details to Google, a list of related books will ______ .
A. come on  B. come up  C. come down  D. come across
11. Drama is a huge part of British culture and has been ______ with great success to other parts of the world.
A. delivered  B. performed  C. exported  D. shown
12.The place  _________the bridge is supposed to be built should be ________ the cross-river traffic is the heaviest.
A. which,; where                    B. at which; which  
C. at which; where                   D. which; in which
13. -What’s the model plane look like?
   -The wings of the plane are ______ of its body.
A. more than the length twice        B. twice more than the length
C. more than twice the length        D. more twice than the length
14. Being young means having all kinds of possibilities, so you should challenge your limits and go ______ your boundaries.
A. beyond  B. for    C. over     D. above
15. You can only tell the bad news to Sophia, Black and Allen, _____ it should be kept.
A. among them                       B. among whom   
C. between them                      D. between whom
16. ― Why ______ you stay in the countryside, where it is not convenient to go shopping?
―But I’ve found it rather valuable for my health.
A. can   B. must   C. may     D. shall
17. Here is _______ basic equipment you need for hiking and _____ basic tips for successful hiking.
A. the; the  B. the; /  C. /; the   D. /; /
18. The school themselves admit that not all children will successful in the jobs ______ they are being trained.
    A. in that         B. for that      C. in which     D. for which
19. ---What attracts people to California is its pleasant climate and relaxed lifestyle.
   ---This is ________ each year a great number of people from all over the world try to _______ to California.
A. how; immigrate                  B. Why; immigrate                                    C. because; remove                    D. why; remove
20. The most exciting thing for him was ______ he finally found two tinned fruits in ______ seemed to him to be a servant’s bedroom .
  A. that; what   B. what; what     C. that; that    D. what; that x kb 1 .com

第三部分:完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后所给各题的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。
After watching Cheryl, my daughter-in-law, through the six long months her mother suffered towards  21    , I think the most painful moments can be in the waiting to say good-bye.
Cheryl  22   the two-hour trip over and over to be with her mother. As her mother’s pain intensified (加剧) and more medication was needed to ease her into sedation (镇静状态),Cheryl sat for hours of silent vigil (守夜) by her mother’s  23   .
Each time she kissed her mother before leaving, her mother would tear up and say, “I’m sorry you drove so  24   and sat for so long and I didn’t even  25   to talk with you.”
Cheryl would tell her not to  26  , it didn’t matter. Still her mother felt she had let her down and  27   at each good-bye  28   the day Cheryl found a way to give her mother   29   reassurance (放心) her mother had given to her so many times.
“Mom, do you remember when I made the high school basketball team as a substitute (替补队员)?” Cheryl’s mother nodded. “You’d drive so far and sit for so long and I   30   even left the bench to play. You waited for me after every  31   and each time I felt bad and apologized to you for wasting your  32   .”
“Do you   33   what you would say to me?”
“I would say I didn’t come to see you   34   , I came to see you.”
“Well, now I say the same words to you. I didn’t come to see you   35  , I came to see you.” Her mother understood and smiled as she floated back into   36  .
Their afternoons together  37   quietly into days, weeks, and months. Their love   38  the spaces between their words. To the last day they ministered to (照料)each other in the   39  , love given and received just by seeing each other. A love so strong that, even in this deepened silence that followed their   40   good-bye, Cheryl could still hear her mother’s love.
第四部分:阅读理解(共20小题;每小题2分,满分40分)
阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项。
A
TURIN, Italy, Feb. 15, 2006 (Xinhua net) -- Chinese Wang Meng won the women's 500m short track speed skating Wednesday night, reaping China's first gold medal in the Turin Winter Olympic Games.
The Olympic debutant (初次参赛者) led all the way to clock 44.345 seconds, winning the nation's third winter Olympic gold medal after Yang Yang's two in 2002.
Bulgarian Evgenia Radanova, world record holder and 2002 silver medalist, had to settle for a silver again with a time of 44.374 seconds. Canada's Anouk Leblang-Boucher got the bronze in 44.759 with Chinese Fu Tianyu disqualified for cross tracking.
The 20-year-old Wang, who has won four World Cup races over 500m, proved herself as the most consistent short tracker in the world. Her victory helped ease China's pain of losing an expected gold in the women's 500m long-track speed skating when World Cup leader Wang Manli came second to Russia's Svetlana Zhurova on Tuesday.
Like China's Athens Olympic champion Liu Xiang, Wang jumped onto the podium and waved excitedly to the cheering crowd. "Until I jumped onto the podium did I know my name had not yet been announced," Wang said, laughing. "I was just so excited and anxious to get onto the podium."
South Koreans Kang Yun-Mi and Jin Sun-Yu, tipped as biggest threats to Chinese skaters before the competition, were edged out in the semifinals.
41. Which of the following statements is true?
A. Wang Manli had been expected to win the women’s 500m long track speed skating but she failed
B. Evgenia Radanova became world record holder in 2002.
C. Wang Meng won the first gold medal in the Turin Winter OlympicGames.
D. Svetlana Zhurova came second together with Wang Manli.
42.Why did Wang Meng jumped onto the podium before her name was announced?
A. Because Liu Xiang had done so before.
B. Because she didn’t understand the language.
C. Because the cheering crowd wanted her to do so.
D. Because she was so excited and anxious.
43. How many skaters are mentioned in this passage?
A. 10       B. 9       C. 11       D. 8
44. Which of the following explanations is closest in meaning with the underlined word  “edged out” in the last paragraph?
A. forbidden to take part   B. kicked out  
C. chosen               D. picked out
B
With the number of college graduates climbing to a record high this year—some 2.12 million are entering the job market, an increase of 670,000, or 46.2 percent, over last year, many people are asking if China's first “McDonald's generation", born in the early 1980s,can stand the intense competition and find a place in the job market. They say this will be a test of both China's job market and its carefree younger generation.
“Do not worry. We'll get whatever we want",they tell each other to ease their own anxiety.
Born in the early days of the country's reform and opening to the outside world, growing up in the market economy, the youngsters, familiar with McDonald's and Mickey Mouse, love to eat hamburgers, and wear foreign brand jeans and T-shirts and worship Bill Gates. Compared with their parents, they enjoy more freedom in looking for a job—and with that freedom coming burdens.
These college graduates are seen scouring recruitment information in newspapers and journals, the Internet and job markets nationwide.
Shortly after hotel management major, Hao Wenhua, a young woman from Chongqing in Southwest China, failed the recruitment test of a five star hotel in Guilin, South China's Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region. She appeared at a job market in Nanning, approximately 300 kilometers from Guilin, looking rather tired.
Many businesses and companies say that they would take on experienced staff rather than the new graduates who are short of the experience of how to succeed in today's fast paced society.   
45. Which of the following groups of people belongs to China's first McDonald's generation?   
A. People who were born in the early days of China's reform and opening to the outside world.   
B. People who like to eat hamburgers and wear foreign brand clothes.
C. People who admire Bill Gates.   
D. People who lack the experience of how to succeed in today's fast changing world.
46.What can we infer from the story of Hao Wenhua in the passage? We can infer______ .   
A. that there are many chances to find jobs in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region
B. that hotel management is not a good major in college   
C. that there is intense competition in the job market   
D. that many businesses and companies don't like new college graduates
47.What is the best title for the passage?   
A. Fierce Competition in the Job Market.
B. McDonald's Generation Has Grown up.   
C. McDonald's Generation Faces Job Hunting.
D. The Number of College Graduates Climbs to the Highest Point.

C
Your mobile phone rings, and instead of usual electronic signals, it’s playing your favorite music. A friend sends you a favorite song to cheer you up. One day, a record company might forward new records and music videos to your phone.
The mobile business is getting into the music business. For the moment, the interest is in pleasant ring tones, but some companies are hoping to take full advantage of the next generation of mobile phones---all –purpose gadgets that blend phone, personal stereo, video player and Internet browser into one. Finally, record companies might send new records and videos to fans who register their cell phone numbers.
The fans could pass music or songs along to friends--- a kind of musical trading card. Unlike Internet tracks, mobile phone downloads would be easy for record companies to control, said former record industry official Ralph Simon, who is now chairman of your mobile, based in Santa Monic, California. “If you pass a song along to other phones through a network, each phone can be charged,” said Simon. “It’s like going through a toll (收费)gate. There’s more possibility for copyright control than there is on the Internet.”
Massachusetts-based converse is offering a service in Portugal and the Netherlands that let people record tunes on their voice mail or send music as presents to friends. Finally, people might be able to sing karaoke and pass them along. The company is sure that people will want to use music to reach out and touch someone.
“A mobile phone is not a listening machine, and you’ll be disappointed if you think you can change it into a radio,” said Ohad Ouziel, a creative manager for Converse in Israel. “But if someone sends you a song while you are on vacation, you appreciate the feeling.”
48. The title of this passage should be _______.
A. Wonderful Mobile Phones       
B. The Music Business
C. The Internet, A Modern Invention 
D. Music On Your Phone
49.The underlined word “blend” (in Paragraph 2)probably means _______.
A. send    B. become    C. combine     D. compare
50.Record companies _______ the idea of passing songs and music along mobile phones.
A. are worried about               B. are interested in  
C. try hard to stop                 D. take no notice of
51.According to Ralph Simon it would be easier to______ through the mobile phone network than on the Internet.
A. protect the copyright of music works   
B. send personal messages
C. pass music to friends                
D. send voice mail
D
June 26,2000—the Human Genome Project, a great 3 billion,15-year task aimed at drawing the genetic map of humans, is now more than 90 percent completed. The scientific and medical communities are very excited about the chances genetic research provides for getting rid of diseases and prolonging human life. But those communities and policy makers also are careful about the scientific door they are opening as the project uncovers the mysteries of life.
For the last few years, the genetic advances in fast developing field of biotechnology(生物学) have provided material for all kinds of work, but the developments of modern science in unlocking the secrets of the human genetic code have opened a world of possibilities for human health, as well as for the popular imagination。
While European and Japanese researchers are making rapid progress in decoding human DNA, the leading organization for genetic research in the US, which began in 1990, is “unlocking the code" of the human body to learn how to defeat fatal diseases. Already, the Human Genome Project has become widely known and praised for finding the genes connected with terrible diseases, and making progress toward separating the genes that show a sign of breast cancer or AIDS.
Once these genes are found and studied, researchers can develop new ways to attack infections, and genetic diseases. Medical companies are very interested in mapping the human genome, as they expect to develop lots of new drugs for these diseases.   
52. Why did the scientists work hard at mapping the Human Genome?   
A. Because it can destroy many illnesses.   
B. Because its completion can help them get rid of many diseases.   
C. Because it can provide a lot of chances of work.   
D. Because they wanted to be better known than others.
53.Which country studied the genes most rapidly in the world?   
A. Japan.             B. Germany.   
C. The United States    D. European countries.   
54.All of the following statements are correct except that_____.
A .if the genes can be found, scientists can study many new ways to cure illnesses
B. the USA began the genes study early in the 19th century
C. many medical companies show great interest in drawing the human genome map 
D. the scientists have made great progress in connecting the genes with the cancers
55.The author suggests that the Human Genome Project can cause——    
A. the policy makers to feel very worried and careful
B. the scientists to work harder   
C. many people to find work easily   
D. a lot of companies to produce many new drugs
56.The main idea of this article is_______.    
A. the great Human Genome    
B. the Gene's discovery   
C. unlocking the Genetic Code  
D. the Genes and the Scientists
E
“A good book for children should simply be a good book in its own right,” says Mollie Hunter. Born and brought up near Edinburgh, Mollie has devoted her talents to writing primarily for young people. She firmly believes that there is always and should always be a wider audience for any good book whatever its main market is. In Mollie's opinion it is necessary to make full use of language and she enjoys telling a story, which is what every writer should be doing. “If you aren't telling a story, you're a very dead writer indeed,” she says. “I have this great love of not only the meaning of language but of the music of language,” she says. “This love goes back to early childhood. I've told stories all my life. I had a school teacher who used to ask us what we would like to be when we grew up and, because my family always had dogs, and I was very good at handling them, I said I wanted to work with dogs, and the teacher always said ‘Nonsense, Mollie, dear, you’ll be a writer.’ So finally I thought that this woman must have something, since she was a good teacher and I decided when I was nine that I would be a writer.”
This childhood intention is described in her novel, A Sound of Chariots, which although written in the third person is clearly autobiographical (自传体的) and gives a picture both of Mollie's ambition (理想) and her struggle towards its achievement. Thoughts of her childhood inevitably(不可避免地)brought thoughts of the time when her home was still a village with buttercup meadows and strawberry fields—sadly now covered with modern houses.“I was once taken back to see it and I felt that somebody had lain dirty hands all over my childhood. I'll never go back,”she said. “Never.”“When I set one of my books in Scotland,”she said,“I can recall my romantic (浪漫的) feelings as a child playing in those fields, or watching the village blacksmith at work. And that's important, because children now know so much so early that romance can't exist for them, as it did for us.”
57. What does Mollie Hunter feel about the nature of a good book?
A. It should not aim at a narrow audience.
B. It should be attractive to young readers.
C. It should be based on original ideas.
D. It should not include too much conversation.
58. In Mollie Hunter's opinion, which of the following is one sign of a poor writer?
A. Being poor in life experience.     
B. Being short of writing skills.
C. The weakness of description.         
D. The absence of a story.
59. ______ made Mollie Hunter determined to be a writer.
A. Loving of telling stories       B. Her early writing experience
C. Her teacher                 D. Mollie's ambition
60. What's the writer's purpose in this text?
A. To describe Mollie Hunter's most successful books.
B. To provide information for Mollie Hunter's existing readers.
C. To introduce Mollie Hunter's work to a wider audience.
D.To share her enjoyment of Mollie Hunter's books.
第五部分:补全对话
根据对话内容,从所给的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余项。
----Hello, Kate .Come in.
---Hello, Alice.  1   
--- I am just writing a letter to Joan in Beijing.
----Oh, __2 ____    
----I haven’t seen you for a long time.
----You’re right. I have been very busy doing a course in Business Chinese. I had my first examination yesterday.
---- 3  .
----I think I’ve done all right. Listen! 4     
----Oh? What is that?
----My company have just told me that they are sending me to China for a year.
---- 5   .And Joan will be able to show you round Beijing.
A.Congratulations!     
B.Are you doing your homework?
C.give her my best wishes.
D.How much will you take?
E.When did she go to Beijing?  
F.How did it go?
G.What are you doing?   
H.I have got some good news
(第二卷)  
第一节.单词拼写:
1. The Taiwan ______(海峡) separates Taiwan Island from the mainland.
2. It was becoming _________(明显的) to me that she didn’t like me.
3. She has six pieces of __________(行李).
4. I was one of the __________ (申请人)for the job.
5. Statistics________(表明) that the entironmental pollution has become more and more serious.
6. What __________(百分比)of the students in our school were admitted to college?
7. Air is a m_________混合物) of gases.
8. Our team has five head of _________(牛).
9.I was in half the way when it suddenly ________(想到) to me that I had left my notebook home.
10.__________(显然),he was mistaken about by the others.

第二节:短文改错(每小题1.5分,满分15分)
Life in the 21st century will very different with life today. There will be many
changes. What can the changes be? The population is growing fast. There will be much more people in the world and most of them will live in longer than people live now. Computer will be much more smaller and more useful, and there will be one in every home. People will work few hours than they now and they will have more free time for reading books, watch TV and traveling.

第三节:书面表达(共25分)
最近你班举行了一场关于“动物园里笼养动物好不好”的讨论。假如你是李华,请你根据下表提供的信息,用英语将讨论的结果向某中学生英语报投稿,并陈述你的观点(至少发挥一条)。注意:字数100左右。
赞成的同学认为 反对的同学认为 你的观点
1、有机会亲眼目睹野生动物。 1、浪费人力物力。 ……
2、有助于培养对动物和自然的爱。 2、破坏生态平衡。
3、能保护动物免于野生环境的危险。 3、动物失去自由。

Dear Editor,                                                                                

I’m writing to tell you about the discussion we held on whether it is good to keep animals in zoos.         

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

参考答案

1—5  BCBBC
6--20  BAADB    ACCAB    DBDBA
21--40  DBCAD    ADADC  BBCDB     BAABD
41--60   ADBBA   CCDCB  ABCBD     CADCB
补全对话1—5 GCFHA
1.Strait 2.obvious 3.luggage 4.applicants 5.indicates 6.percentage 7.mixture 8.oxen 9.occurred 10.apparently
短文改错x kb 1.co m
1. will ^ be  2.with-from  3.can-will  4.much-many  5去掉in 
6.computers  7.去掉more  8.few-fewer  9.now后加do 10watch-watching
作文:
Possible version:
Dear editor,
 I’m writing to tell you about the discussion we held on whether it is good to keep animals in zoos. Those who favor the idea think it provides chances for people to see wild animals. It might also develop people’s love for animals and nature. Besides, animals in zoos can be protected from dangers in the wild.
 However, those who are against the idea think that it’s a waste of money and labor to keep animals in zoos. It’ll also damage the balance of nature. Animals will lose their freedom if caged in zoos.    x
 I personally feel it is wrong to take animals away from their natural living areas and keep them locked up.
Yours sincerely,
Li Hua



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